Canada

The best place to live in

By: Vivienne Nguyen

Canada

The second largest country in the world with a vast amount of natural resources and land is also considered one of the best places to live in. Always keeping in mind about the citizens and caring for the environment and the future of the country as it is in our own hands. Prioritizing what's best for now and the future for the sake of our country as a whole. Canada is great for hundreds of reasons but there are a few that are extremely important that makes Canada a better country which is: our immigration, the interactions with our environment, our resources and global connections along with how we are trying to sustain Canada.

Canada's proud immigration history

Canada's immigration history has created a wonderful and great place for people to live in. A place people would love to live in any chance they get. Canada is the most multicultural, non discriminating places in the world. It is very diverse in the people who they accept into the country. The acceptance of citizens from all over the world has helped Canada expand and grow population wise and as a country itself. Immigration, accounting for 20% of the population is 1 in every 5 people it also contributes 60% of the population growth. The great immigration system welcomes new people each year, to our diverse country. Inviting people to live in a safe and secured place and to have the feeling of belonging. Bringing their culture, religion and ways of life along with them makes Canada even more multicultural day by day, improving our programs and services dedicated to celebrating people's differences and culture. It's also been stated that Canada is the most successful pluralism country meaning Canada believes in equality, diversity, liberty and are against pain and cruelty. It truly shows through our immigration system where we do not discriminate against anyone as Canada treats people as all equals. This makes Canada a great place to live in as anyone can and are accepted, no exceptions.

Location

Canada's location has its ups and downs, but let's look at the upsides. Although Canada does get pretty cold in the winter because of how near it is to the north pole, there are benefits of its location. The biggest positive is that it is less vulnerable for natural disasters to occur, the ones wiping cities at a time. Yes, Canada does receive the few earthquake, hurricane, tsunami but usually just the effects not so much the full powerful one. As if a hurricane were to occur nearby, places and provinces near the coasts would most likely receive hard rainfall but not the full effect of the disaster. The natural disasters that has occurred in Canada has caused destruction costing up to billions of dollars but had minor fatalities and injuries. With the modern day technology, there is the right devices and materials that studies the disasters predicting when they will occur in an area. With it being able to predict when they will occur, it gives a warning for the citizens and gives more than enough time to get to safety depending on what is to come.


Recently occured:


  • Tornado in Goderich, Ontario - $100 million destruction, 1 fatality, 37 injuries
  • Hurricane Juan- $300 million destruction, 8 fatalities
  • Alberta flood- $1.2 billion destruction, 4 fatalities


Also Canada is not in a location where disasters usually occur. Earthquakes only occur on plate tectonics and plate boundaries. Canada is not fully on a plate boundary as only the west coast of it is. Earthquakes would not harm the inland of Canada, where most people live but instead the coasts where less people tend to live in. Tsunamis which is basically an underwater earthquake also only occurs on plate boundaries and cannot affect Canada much. Tsunamis usually occur over large bodies of water which Canada does not have any except what is surrounding the coasts. The waves of the tsunamis eventually die down when it reaches land and would only be able to travel a certain distance before it is drawn back into the ocean, lake etc. As of hurricanes, there have been some present in Canada but

do not form much of a threat. As they emerge over water because of the collision of cold air masses and warm air masses they travel at a high speed but tend to slow down and fall when it reaches far inland. These 3 most destructive type of disasters are not a big worry to Canada as of our location.


Many people, talking about billions of people around the world live in places where it is occasional for natural disasters to occur. Destroying homes, villages, wiping out people and limiting the resources is a struggle people must face. Wanting to live in a Canada, they are able to escape from that type of region and live where there are very few disruptions.


When a disaster does occur in Canada, governments municipal, provincial and federal come together and act right away. As Canada is a developed country, it has all the needs for the citizens in Canada even if a disaster were to occur. Governments always try their best to fix it as soon as possible to get people's lives up and going and back to normal. Canada's' location might not be the best compared to others, but our location is great to live in peacefully with very little disturbance of your daily life.


In a developed world.....

Canada is already considered one of the best place in the world to live in for many reasons. One of the main reasons is because of how developed it is as it is 1 out of the 34 countries that are fully developed. What makes Canada so great is its uniqueness. EVery country is different from another, but Canada stands out. Canadas health care, multiculturalism and some of the main resources is what Canada is most known for. Aside from that, going back to Canada being fully developed is what makes Canada so great. Development is measured using 6 factors that indicate this; wealth, education, health care, food supply and natural increase which Canada has high levels of all.


  • GDP- $43 200 per capita
  • Education (literacy rate)- 99%
  • Health care access (# of doctors/100 000 people): 203/100 000
  • Food supply (# of undernourished people)- 5%
  • Natural increase rate (birth rate- death rate): 10.28-8.2= 2.08


Public health

What comes to mind when everyone think about Canada is health care. Canada has excellent health care access and services and has the ability to provide to all the citizens in Canada. There are about 203 physicians/ 100 000 people which is surely more than enough as high value of access to health care indicates great health service. This value has been at all times high and is also currently increasing. With the great programs that support the medical field, it has caused more and more the becoming of a doctor. The new, advanced modern technology also provides more dept in the research in medical which is not only beneficial to the citizens, but to Canada itself. The more knowledge based Canada is, the better services it is able to give back to the citizens. Canada knows how important the public health is with the issues the world is facing and knows that they should keep all the citizens healthy. Not all families are able to afford the right treatment in their different cirrcumstances and would have a difficult time finding the money. Instead of charging lots of money each time they go, the legal Canadian citizens basically pay for it indirectly. Although Canada has a bit of higher taxes than other countries, the taxes support the health care needs for each and every family.

Education

With Canada's excellent education system it proves how important education is to the country. Providing free education to every Canadian citizen from kindergarten all the way to grade 12 helps out many families as some aren't able to send all their kids to school. Money should not interfere with a kid's ability to learn and write and Canada is well aware of that. Providing this service, 99% of kids over 15 are able to write putting our literacy rate at 99%. A high value of education is over 90% which Canada is well over that. But it doesn't stop there, there are all types of schools for every different individual. In Canada there are catholic schools, french immersion, private, special programs, art schools and all other types to show case all the different talents and abilities of one another. Going to school in Canada is never limited as the choices are only made by you and what's right for you.

Food supply

Food, the most important source of life for everyone is always needed. Many countries do not have enough or do not have sustainable agriculture to provide this need to everyone living in it, but Canada does. Canada with it's wide range of agriculture export and imports, it is able to have enough for all families. Statistics have show from 2003 until this present day, the amount of undernourished people is only 5%. The only reason why it's not at 0 is because of over consumption and unsustainable farming, which is something Canada is trying to make people aware about and trying to solve this problem. Many other places this problem cannot even be fixed of the situation of the country and its underdevelopment.

Life expectancy and natural increase

Ranking #13 in the world, Canada has the life expectancy of 81. That may not seem like the best but the country ranking #1 is only 1 year ahead and that's Japan with the life expectancy of 82. Other countries are just tied with Japan, but it's like Canada is the second highest life expectancy age. This indicates the great living conditions in Canada as that is what leads up to the high life span. Having great health care to keep people healthy, the daily needs for them to survive everyday with, and a clean, environment for them to live in all determines the life expectancy.

Along with that, the living conditions also affect the natural increase rate (birth rate-death rate). The demographic transition model indicates the level a country would be on. With the birth rate still higher it hasn't reached stage 5 yet. So Canada is on the border of stage 4-5. In stage 5 it is basically the same thing as stage 4, with later marriages, good health, reliable food supply. Canada's natural increase is stable and has a very slow increase which indicates its in stage 4. In stage 5, the birth rate is very lower, with a slow decrease in the natural increase which is when the population starts to decrease. But it being in this stage it is evidence that Canada is a well developed country with great health care, food supply and better conditions.

Canada's economy

The GDP is what represents the wealth of a country. The total amount of products and services in a country is basically what the GDP is and is how a country determines their wealth from the money invested in those products and services. A high value indicates the availability of products and services in a country which Canada does have. With a GDP per capita of $43 200, we are ranked #21 in the world which is not so bad, after all we can provide to all of our citizens.

Industries

Primary, secondary, tertiary, Canada has them all. These 3 are all equally important to Canada. Whether it's the extraction of a natural resource, manufacturing it into products or selling the products, these industries are all important as it accounts for Canada's GDP and economy.


Primary:

Canada contains many different natural resources and are rich in them. It's main resources are fishing, mining, oil, forestry, agriculture, and energy. There's currently only 4.1% labour force in this industry as it has decreased overtime due to the vast amounts of industrialization in Canada but is still at great value to Canada. Our resources are located all over and are dispersed everywhere creating jobs to the people in that area. Canada is very large in exports and imports, supplier great amounts to other countries. For example wee produce and supply most of our oil, energy, uranium and power to US and we are their greatest supplier. Canada is also the 6th largest importer and exporter of agriculture.

With our very highly skilled labour force this is possible and is still a growing industry even though it has decreased overtime. It's a solid founbdation for Canada as we've continued to extract of resources efficiently or trying to, to maintain our limited amount of resources.


  • 10% of the world's forests
  • largest fresh water supplier globally
  • leading mining nation,produce over 60 different metals and minerals
  • $846 million value of aquaculture
  • extensive amounts of gas, oil
The world benefits from Canada's energy resources

Secondary

Employing almost 3 times as much, the secondary industry accounts for 20.7% labour force in Canada. Manufacturing is crucial to the production of a product as it takes resources and makes them into a finished good that's ready for the next stage where its gets shipped and sold into local stores. This industry is located depending on the company. There are a few factors that influence this decision which is the proximity of the raw material, location of markets, water and power source, transportation, political factors and labour supply. So this industry could be in rural areas or urban and is all over throughout Canada.

Tertiary

This industry is the widest range of varieties of jobs that is considered in this. As it most of the labour force in Canada, it takes up 3/4 of it representing 75.2% of the employers. Providing services to the community whether it's towards the economy (basic service) or just to the community it is in (non-basic) is essential to everybody's daily lives. Selling finished products, being a bus driver, or teaching at a university at school is all an essential to one's life. Without these services there is no way people can obtain what they need, and if they could it would be very difficult.

All of the industries in Canada makes profit whether it's from the exports to other countries or just between Canada itself. Without one of these industries we would be nothing as they all take part to make Canada. Employing millions of people and making it easier for people's daily lives is why our industries are so important. Also with the great amount of resources we have, it gives Canada a great advantage making us have more wealth.


Globalization

Trading and the connections of a country is what the GDP revolves around. There is no way on earth could Canada obtain all of the products that are needed for the people, but that is what trade connections are for. Being able to export our own products or services to gain money and importing to aquire what we need is all possible because of the trading services between a non Canadian company and one of Canada's company. That's not all though, with the connections it helps build relations to other countries. Helping them out by providing services, knowledge and whatever Canada has to provide that they don't creates a positive alliance. There are 4 main types of trading; medical, environmental, educational and cultural.


We have the strongest connections with US, Mexico, China as we export and import the most with them. NAFTA is the reason why Canada, Mexico and US are such big trade partners with each other. NAFTA is an agreement that states the trading between these 3 countries is free, and no tariffs are placed on any products/services. This gives an advantage for the three as it is easier to trade while saving money from the placed tariffs on good if traded with other countries. Canada is able to export a lot more which is only great for the economy. As of 2012, our exports value reached $462.9 billion, ranked #13 in the world. Our connections have allowed us to do this, when connections were made and it's easier to trade that way.

Overcoming urban sprawl

Urban sprawl is one of the most common problem in many cities, provinces, countries etc. It's unplanned expansion of land creating unsustainability and problems affecting the environment, the people and the economy. Without planning, things happen unexpectedly and problems occur in the community because it wasn't thought through. Some possibilities of the challenges communities may face is; insufficient transportation and the waste management. Cities must be planned out and need to put the thought of the needs of the residents and how to keep the community and the resources sustainable and efficient for the environment and the people.


This surprisingly making Canada better. It is acknowledged that this is a major issue in Canada that has to be overcome soon as it's affecting Canada and the people. One major issue that's not being resolved but being reduced is waste management. You've probably heard this a billion times, but one person can make a difference and everything counts as Canada strives to be a cleaner and more sufficient country. Changing your usual daily routine to make better choices such as using reusable containers or just recycling is a step further for Canada as there are already parts of Canada where the cities have started to change and are trying to be more sustainable.


Coming up with a plan on how to use the land, interact with it, use the natural resources, improve the economy to make a better place for people is what Canada strives to do and is hoping for the best. Kingston for example, is doing this exact thing. Their vision includes economic, cultural, environmental and social factors they hope to fulfill one day. Steps by steps, Kingston is becoming more and more sustainable. Kingston is now ranking third for the most sustainable city in Canada following Ottawa and Quebec and is followed by Kitchener and Calgary. These cities where it is for urban use is on its way to sustaining itself. Accounting all the needs and services for the citizens and trying to make the environment better is making Canada better day by day. Soon this will be followed by more and more cities all over Canada as it will take a while to do but this is a wonderful start for Canada to become more sufficient

Landform regions

Canada has a wide range of regions with different climate for the different preferences of each individuals. There are 7 different regions that make Canada what it is and is significant to Canada one way or another. The 7 landforms are (left to right on the map); the Western Cordillera, Interior plains, the Canadian shield, Arctic and Hudson Bay lowlands, Innuitian mountains (North), and the Appalachians (far east).

Western Cordillera


Composed of ranges of high peaks of mountains, this region lays of the West coast of Canada. Covering parts of British Columbia, Yukon and Alberta this region contains mountainous areas with plateaus, valleys and plains. Since it's made of sedimentary rock it also contains fossil from ancient seas and lots of metals. This is great for Canada as it is very lighting populated, the extraction of these metals will also create job opportunities, attracting more people to live there.


Interior Plains

This continental climate region is right beside the Western Cordillera. Now covering most of Alberta, 3/4 of Saskatchewan and about 1/3 of Manitoba and is also made of sedimentary rock. Unlike the Western Cordillera, this region is very flat and is mostly grasslands. This is the perfect region for agriculture with the fertile soil and flat land and solid temperature year round.

Canadian Shield

With wet bay winds and consisting rounded hills is the Canadian shield, the biggest region in Canada taking up 50% of the entire land space. Formed by the collision of tectonic plates which formed igneous and metamorphic rock containing rare and valuable minerals. The mining of the minerals has provided thousands of jobs and the purification of this resource can lead to the production of various goods.

Great Lakes & St.Lawrence

Occupying only a small part of Canada, it is very valuable to Canada with its great contributions to the economy and it's importance to the people. With it's hot and humid climate, there's a lot of precipitation that occurs in that region. This climate is perfect for farming and agriculture along with its flat lands and fertile soil. The long warm summer increases farming season which is great for production. Manufacturing is major here because many industries locate here as it's close to a source of water, one of the factors that determines location of a company. Also with the great amount of natural resources here; minerals and water, it's provides jobs relating to the extraction and the manufacturing of it. This region also contains a huge amount of Canada's fresh water source from the great lakes which is another extremely important economic factor.
These 4 main land form regions of Canada shape Canada as a whole and its economy. Providing jobs throughout the land is great in controlling the population as people tend to locate where jobs are so urban places do not become too dense while other parts of Canada are lightly populated. As seen from these regions, each region are all different referring to it physically, its climate, what it contains and how it economically contributes to Canada. Each region is important to Canada with all its different factors and provide different landscapes for people to choose from to meet their necessities and preferences


Vegetation regions

To briefly summarize and explain Canada's vegetation region, these mainly benefit the agriculture production of Canada. With all different types of soil throughout Canada because of the different climates (continental and maritime), there are various regions where it is great for the growing of agriculture while others are great for other reasons. The boreal& taiga forest, mixed forest, deciduous forest and the grasslands are the main vegetation regions of Canada. What they all have in common is the fertile and rich soil in nutrients which is essential to the growth of crops. Regular precipitation creates longer farming season which is also great for Canada as there could be more production done each season.

Our land

Our land is used very wisely as pretty much none of it is disregarded and is looked at as someway of a contribution to Canada. The different regions and climates throughout the whole land suits the needs for our resources, agriculture, daily needs etc. Canada isn't just piles and piles of snow everywhere as that is false. Our different landscapes provides tourism, satisfaction to people's different liking of the community they like to live in. Many countries have about 1-2 different climates whereas Canada has many varieties. From continental to maritime, or hot and dry to cool and wet, the specific weather is seen through the positives and how we can use that land wisely.

Sustaining the future

Our natural resources we have now, we have plenty, but how long will it last? As Canada is becoming more industrialized, the dependent on our resources have increased. As the demand of our resources increase, the more careless we are thinking of our environment. We are thinking more about making money than then future of our country. The extraction of our resources have become insufficient as we consume too much of it. The ways of extracting our resources affect out environment majorly but also the people. The unsustainable extraction of our agriculture and our energy is the major concern. Using non renewable resources way more than we should or farming insufficiently will shape the future of our country.

Sustainable extraction

Canada has started using more sustainable ways of extracting our resources while trying to keep it efficient so it'll last longer. Some ways we've started is by using more renewable energy sources such as solar energy and wind energy. These do not need the removal from the earth unlike oil and natural gas done through the process of fracking and through our oil sands. Little by little will this start going in affect as we're giving our environment a break and stop polluting it with the process of extraction.

Agriculture has also started using ways that are better than the normal way on a farm where farmers use pesticides and chemical treatments on the products. Ways such as greenhouse farming or crop rotation are ways that are way better for the environment while producing more fresh, local products for consumption. Greenhouse farming waste less water as the water is pumped right to the root of the plant, minimizing the use of our fresh water resource. Also pesticides will not be needed as it will be in a greenhouse where those pests cannot get it. Crop rotation is where one crop is planted in one season and the next season another crop would be grown instead of the same one. This allows the soil to replenish itself and not tired itself out losing all its nutrients and minerals.

Overall

As we build the future for Canada as a country, Canada can be considered the best place to live in. As we are trying to sustain our resources and maintain the environment, it makes Canada better each day. Although Canada does face a few challenges it is perfectly normal. No country is perfect as there are always room for improvement which Canada does have room for. But considering our changes it has become effective striving to making Canada better than it already is. Our great programs and services in our developed country may be something another country does not have and we are fortunate to have. Canada is different from the other developed countries is because of our location, different ways of thinking- government and the different services and programs provided in the country is to support what is needed for the citizens. Our proud immigration history, our unique location, various resources and industries, our strong connections with others, and our ways of solving problems such as sustainable agriculture is what makes Canada so great. As we develop more and more, we need to make more of these decisions to keep Canada well and sustained for the future to come and everything we have now will be available then.