Canada in 2050

By Aiman Khan


As the world changes, Canada as a country changes along with it. Some of these changes affect us daily or over a long period of time. In Canada there are 3 major groups that create changes within Canada and it's statistics. These groups are, Immigration, Demography and First Nations. We will be looking at current trends or situations along with future trends of these 3 groups. We will also look at challenges and changes within these groups and how they affect Canada.

Demographics of Canada

Canada's death rate is expected to outnumber the birth rate in the future. Canada's natural growth from 2011-2012 is 1.1% which is not enough to replace the population as many people die off. Naturally, to replace population, Canada has a high immigration rate of 250,000. In the future, Canada will rely on immigration to replace population as birth rate will be low along with the natural growth rate, excluding immigrants. Due to this, Canada will become much more multicultural(pull factor) than present and immigrants will eventually outnumber those native to Canada because of the constant immigration, in large numbers.
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Canadian Age Structure/ Future Affects

Presently, Canada's median age is about 40. As years pass, and around 2056(according to the model), due to Canada's high life expectancy, most ages will reside within the 60-80 which will result in very low birth rate and naturally as time passes, Canada will have a high level of death rate due to the high amount of aged population, which will cause population decrease. If the death rate is high and the birth rate is low, the amount of people being born aren't replacing the amount that dies which concludes with population decrease. This will cause the immigration rate to increase in order to replace the loss of population, in the future.

First Nations/Aboriginals Present Day Situation

  • The amount of Aboriginals currently is about 1.3 million
  • Since 1996, Aboriginal population has increased by 47% and in the future
  • Over 54% of Aboriginals reside within Urban areas
  • 48% of Aboriginals less than 25 years old
  • Aboriginal education lags compared to non Aboriginals
  • About 34%(50% on reserve) lacks high school(shown in figure 1)
  • Education rate slightly increased from 2001 but still very far behind compared to non Aboriginals
  • Aboriginal labour force increased by 25% since 2001
  • Employment rate for Aboriginal 58%, compared to non Aboriginal (76%)
  • Culture slowly becoming lost, very few can speak native language

First Nations/Aboriginals Future Prediction

In the future, Aboriginals population will drastically increase. Over the years as reserve areas become more crowded, Aboriginals will be forced to move within other areas. As this has already started, in the future Aboriginals will be more distributed in areas within Canada. Due to Aboriginals moving to non-reserve areas, their culture will fade even more. This is due to lifestyle influence by non Aboriginals surrounding them.


One out of five people within Canada's population are foreign born. According to the 2011 NHS, about 6.8 million individuals are foreign born immigrants(2001-2006).

  • Immigrants represent about 20.8% of Canada's population when it was 19.8% in the 2006 census
  • Many people immigrate to Canada due to pull factors such as advanced medical care, family planning, peace and safety, education, economy, no war, etc
  • Many find Canada a safe place to immigrate to due to push factors in other countries
  • The top 3 countries from which immigrations come from are Philipines, China and India
  • The top 3 areas where immigrants choose to settle within are Toronto, Montreal and Vancouver
  • Many immigrants are economic immigrants
  • Many people come as foreign workers with a non-permanent residential status
  • The annual immigration rate is 250,000 per year
  • Canada's immigrants are divided into 3 categories, economic immigrants, refugees and family class immigrants
  • Canada's main immigrants are economic immigrants(present)
  • Economic immigrants are most common
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Immigration in the Future

Canada's present annual immigration rate is 250,000 per year. As you can see on the graph above, Canada's immigration rate started to increase again near the 2000s. This is due to Canada's developed economy, family planning, education, health care, etc. Having these beneficial services decreases the birth rate due to high life expectancy. As these aspects advance even further within the future, Canada might enter stage 5 on the demographic transition model where natural increase will start to decrease along with the total population. Hence, in order to replace population loss, Canada will Increase the immigration rate even more in the future. Presently, Canada's main immigrants are economic immigrants due to the fact that jobs are starting to go unfilled in Canada and will continue to do so even more in the future. In order to prevent our economy from crashing, we must focus mainly on economic Immigrants in the future. I predict that Canada will increase the amount of economic immigrants coming into Canada in the future and that they will remain the main focus from all category of immigrants in order to ensure a better future for Canada and it's economy.
Canada's Future

Canada's Future Video

This video supports my point of view because in the video the man says that we have a bright future due to the natural resources we have, our banking system is healthy, etc. It basically sums up my point of view which describes how great Canada is as a whole country compared to others, which is why we have so many immigrants coming in specially when we need it. Canada also tries to support Aboriginal rights although they haven't done so successfully in the past, but I'm sure it will only get better for them towards the future. Overall, the video sums up the points we need to focus on in order to succeed as a country and our benefits which makes us an ideal country to many all over the world.


Audio Recording on Wednesday evening by Aiman123


As Canada becomes more advanced in the future, immigration rate will increase due to low population which is starting to take affect present day. Aboriginals will spread all over Canada and become more educated. They will also become less cultural based on influence by non reserve areas that they settle in. The Canadian demographic statistics conclude of a high death rate, low birth rate and a high immigration rate. People will also be more evenly distributed throughout the Canada due to high levels of occupation in present preferable areas(Toronto, Montreal, etc). Canada may also enter stage 5 on the demographic transition model like Germany. Overall, Canada becoming more advanced in all will cause many affects, which might benefit or harm Canada, and we must take action to prevent harm from occurring in the future.


Works Cited



Demographics Canada stats, Immigrant stats and First Nation Stats(main source for info)


google images



Immigrants top 3 Settlements