THE NINTH AMENDMENT

Laila Greene

Full Text From the Constitution

"The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people."

In Other Words

Not all rights of the people are listed in the Bill of Rights, but the unlisted and listed rights cannot be taken away from the people. The rights listed in the Bill of Rights cannot be changed to deny the people of unlisted rights either.

Historical Background

This amendment was created because many people, especially those opposed the the Bill of Rights, worried that the government would take away the people's unlisted rights. The ninth amendment was put in place to ease the fears the people and to protect the unlisted rights that they have.

Supreme Court Case: Griswold v. Connecticut 1965

Connecticut had a law that made it illegal to give out or use contraceptives. Estelle Griswold and Dr.Buxton had been giving contraceptives to their patients and had each been fined, but after the people made an appeal, the Supreme Court decided to hear the case. After hearing the case, the Court ruled that the law was unconstitutional. They agreed that multiple amendments, including the ninth, suggested that people were guaranteed the right to privacy and that the law violated that right.

Source:

"Ninth Amendment." Constitutional Amendments: From Freedom of Speech to Flag Burning. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. Detroit: UXL, 2008. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 9 Dec. 2015.

URL
http://go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?id=GALE%7CCX2639900017&v=2.1&u=j220908045&it=r&p=GVRL&asid=da4d03b15982dc7d499997f6aa65dfbf

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