Seven Hills of Rome

By Lucius and Otho

Seven Hills

The names of the Seven Hills are:

  1. Palatine
  2. Capitoline
  3. Quirinal
  4. Caelian
  5. Aventine
  6. Viminal
  7. Esquilme


The Palatine: Several emperors built their palaces on this hill. On The Capitoline was home of massive temples. The Quirinal is where Diocletian and Constantine built large-scale baths. The Caelian was the site of a number of military camps. The Aventine was mostly a residential area with apartment blocks and townhouses. The Viminal was where the urban cohorts and Praetorian Guard were based. The Esquilme featured extensive gardens, as well as the baths of Titus and Trajan.

Republican Times

During the Republican Times in the city of Rome the founder of the Roman Empire Augustus lived on the Palatine Hill. CIcero and Marc Antony also had houses on the Palatine Hill.

Imperial Times

During Imperial times the Palatine Hill was filled with churches and convents. Almost the entire hill was owned by Cardinal Alessandro Farnese, who created an ornate botanical garden on top of the ruins.

Significance of the Capitoline Hill

Today the Capitoline Hill symbolizes the heart of Rome and became a sign of Rome’s reign as the “Capitol of the World”. It is the smallest of the seven hills yet it is the most important.


The Temple of Jupiter was located on Capitoline Hill, the largest and most impressive of the temples included on this hill. Capitoline Hill also has The Temple of Juno Moneta and the Tabularium which housed the state archives.

Hills Still In Use

  • Capitoline
  • Caelian
  • Esquilme
  • Quirinal


"Seven Hills of Rome." The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Rome. Don Nardo. San Diego: Greenhaven Press, 2002. 96. World History in Context. Web. 5 May 2015.

"Capitoline Hill." , Rome. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 May 2015.

"Augustus." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.