The Adolescent in Society.
Characteristics of Adolescence.
The Emergence of Dating.
Traditional Dating Patterns- still be found in small towns and rural areas of the United States. Ritualized because both parties knew what was expected of them because the rules of conduct were well defined by the group they belong in.
Contemporary Dating Patterns- Today there is greater opportunities for young men and women to interact with each other informally. It's acceptable for either partner to pay for the date or for each other to pay for themselves.
Teenage Sexual Behavior.
The Rate of Teenage Sexual Activity- A data survey from the CDC indicated that 29% of unmarried American females between the ages of 15-19 were sexually active in 1970. Teenage childbearing in 1970 was 22 births per 1,000 unmarried teenage females. BY 1996 the birthrate for unmarried teenage females had risen to 43. However during the 1990's the CDC established national health objectives to address the issue of teenage pregnancy.
Influences on Early Sexual Activity- Among the social and economic factors found to influence early sexual activity are family-income level, parents' marital status, and religious participation. Explanations on subcultures suggest that teenage sexual activity is influenced by subgroup norms concerning sexual behavior.
Consequences of Early Sexual Activity- Babies born to teenage mothers have lower birth weight, teenage parents are less likely to graduate high school, teenage parents have lower lifetime earnings than individuals who delay parenthood, children to teenage parents are more likely to experience learning difficulties and teenage mothers face significant emotional stress.
Teenage Drug Use.
Drug Violence- There has been a dramatic increase in drug-related crime during the time of 1980's and 1990's. During the mid-1990's about 1,000 drug-related murders occurred each year in the US. Children as young as 9 and 10 years old were hired first as lookouts.
The Rate of Teenage Drug Use- The use of new drugs such as MDMA, or ecstasy, has increased in the late 1990's and 2000's. Alcohol use among teenagers had declined in recent years, but remains a widespread problem. Significantly, the survey indicates that 19% of high-school seniors smoke on a daily basis.
Influences on Teenage Drug Use- Having friends who regularly engage in drug use, having social and academic adjustment problems, and living in a hostile and rejecting family setting.
Teenage Attitudes Towards Drug Use- Depending on the drug, disapproval ratings have ranged from 90 percent to 98 percent.
Studies suggest that the actual number of suicides is higher than official statistics indicates. Some suicides are misreported as accident.
The Sociological View of Suicide- Emile Durkheim's classic study Suicide is still the most comprehensive sociological analysis of suicide to date. In Durkheim's view, high levels of social integration(degree of attachment people have to social groups or to society as a whole.) can lead to increased rates of suicide because group members place the needs of the group above their own personal needs.
Predictors of Teenage Suicide- Alcohol or drug use, triggering events, age, sex population density, family relations, and cluster effect are important social factors according to Brad L. Neiger and Rodney W. Hopkins.