Religions and Belief systems

Including Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, & Judaism

-Hinduism-

Hinduism was founded in 1500 BC but does not have any specific founder, it is more looked at as a way of life, like a culture. Also with Hinduism being one of the oldest known religions it doesnt have an exact origion beginning the religion, currently Hinduism is practiced in India, United Kingdom and the US.

It is believed that the aryans migrated from the sintasha culture through bactria-margiana culture and into the norther indian subcontinent (today India,Pakistan and Nepal). This was believed to have started around 1800 BCE.


Like Christianity has the holy Bible, Hinduism has a holy book known as the Vedas. This bookis the oldest & most important book in Hinduism.


Hindu's believe in maybe similar or different things than most people would believe in today. For example Hindu's believe in the idea of reincarnation. Reincarnation is the continuation of one's soul being reborn into a different life after another. Depending on the Karma of this person depends on what kind of life they will be reborn into. Karma is the rule that shows one's actions determine the course of their life cycle & rebirth. For example if you were to steal and do wrong, in your next life you may be reborn into a lower caste or just have a poor life. One way to have good karma and have good lives is to follow the dharma or an individuals duty fulfilled by observance of custom or law. Once one fulfulls their dharma throughout all their lives and has good karma to bring them up in the caste system they'll reach moksha. Moksha is the final resting place for one's soul where their soul becomes one with Brahman. Like heaven this place is thought to be peaceful. There are three paths to maksha being:

-path of right thinking

-path of right action

-path of religious devotion

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The Caste System

The caste system is a system separating all people by their class, jobs, family, wealth, and basically everything about them. The caste system is like being in your "class" in high school. Like you see in the movies where the jock cant be with the nerd simply because the jock is a jock, and the nerd is a nerd. They caste system is similar but more serious to a Hindu's life. Two people from different classes may not be with one another in marriage nor in general. Highest from lowest caste is Brahmin being the highest, Kshatriya next, then Vaishya, Sudra, & on the bottom are the Untouchables.

How does Hinduism affect those who follow it?

This affects how a hindu lives every single day. They have to follow their Dharma in order to rise up and achieve moksha. Without this cycle who's to say that people would even care about following their dharma. Dharma is the code of conduct, it is the set of rules that keeps hindu society in control. Without it people could do whatever they wanted, they could do wrong and not even care knowing that they go through reincarnation and that they have more lives. Moksha gives people some motivation to do good deeds and have a good life by knowing how peacefull it is and trying to reach it. Without it once again people may not necessarily want to do good deeds knowing there is no resting, peaceful, reward for how you've lived. Reincarnation could make people more relaxed knowing they have more lives. It may make them not as rushed to get things done knowing that they can do it later on or in another life. The caste system affects who people interact with, what they do for a job, how much money people have, and maybe how happy people are. Obviously being a Brahmin is going to affect your attitude towards life way differently than being an untouchable or a Kshatriya.

Hindu music with dance

music hindu

Educational Video on Hinduism

The Quest for God: Hinduism - CBN.com

-Buddhism-

Buddhism was founded in the 6th century BCE by Gautama Buddha. It originated from India and then migrated to China. The Buddhism holy book is the Tripitaka(Pali Canon). This book contains the earliest collection of Buddhism teaching and early texts.

Buddhism is similar to Hinduism for the fact that in both of these religions people believe in Karma, Dharma, and rebirth. Karma is the rule that shows one's actions determine the course of their life cycle & rebirth. Dharma is an individuals duty fulfulled by observance of costom or law. Rebirth is the continuation of one's sould being reborn after death into another life.

Buddhists also believe in the 4 noble truths and the eighthfold path. The 4 noble truths are the four truths on suffering in life. These truths say that (1)Suffering is universal-everyone suffers, (2)the cause of suffering is desire, (3)if you end your desires suffering will end(which is necessary to reach Nirvana), (4)follow the eighthfold path. The eighthfold path are teachings of Gautama Buddha. This teaches people to (1)know the truth, (2)say nothing to hurt others, (3)practice meditation, (4)control your thoughts, (5)resist evil, (6)free your mind of evil, (7)work for the good of others, and to (8)respect life.

Buddhists practice right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right work, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. They practice this through meditation, to reach enlightenment. Not only do they practice meditation but they practice nonviolence and equality. Their overall goal is to reach Nirvana. Nirvana is the release from selfishness, pain, and the cycle of rebirth. This is like Moksha or Heaven.

How This Affects Their Life

This affects their life because they life their lives trying to achieve Nirvana, by following the eighthfold path and the 4 noble truths. Also by believing in rebirth Buddhists might not be so rushed in life knowing they have other lives to live.
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Buddhist Meditation Music for Positive Energy: Buddhist Thai Monks Chanting Healing Mantra
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kEe8hl6G0GY&sns=em

-Judaism-

The founder of Judaism was Moses, the adopted son of the Pharoh's daughter. People who believed in Judaism lived in the Fertile Crescent. This helped them because the soil was fertile but it also hurt them because of flooding. In 1800 BC a famine, lack of food, caused them to move to Egypt, but the were then enslaved. Then Moses led the Hebrews to escape. Jews were monotheistic, believed in one god, and they believed in the Covenant, a binding agreement with god. Their holy book was the Old Testament Hebrew Bible, the first five books is Torah. Their code of conduct and religious duties were followed by following the Ten Commandments. Just like Christains have holidays so do Jews/Hebrews. Their holidays are Passover where they celebrate the exodus of the Jews from Egypt, Rosh Hashanah which is the Jewish New Year, Yom Kippur which is the Day of Atonement, and Chanukah which is more familiar and is an eight day celebration.

How this Affects their Life

This affects what a Jew would eat due to them living in the Firtile Crescent. Also it would affect them being affected by the floods of the firtile cresent. The religion itself affects the beliefs of a Jew; Monotheism, Covenant, and the Torah. Also in order to follow their religious duties they celebrate certain holidays and follow the Ten Commandments.
‎2,000 Years of Chinese History! The Mandate of Heaven and Confucius: World History #7

-Christianity-

Chriatianity is a common known religion that has spread from Judea to North and South America then the rest of the world. The founder of this religion is Jesus. Christains follow the 10 commendments, and read/practice the Bible. Christains believe in heven and hell.