Religions and Belief systems
Including Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, & Judaism
It is believed that the aryans migrated from the sintasha culture through bactria-margiana culture and into the norther indian subcontinent (today India,Pakistan and Nepal). This was believed to have started around 1800 BCE.
Like Christianity has the holy Bible, Hinduism has a holy book known as the Vedas. This bookis the oldest & most important book in Hinduism.
Hindu's believe in maybe similar or different things than most people would believe in today. For example Hindu's believe in the idea of reincarnation. Reincarnation is the continuation of one's soul being reborn into a different life after another. Depending on the Karma of this person depends on what kind of life they will be reborn into. Karma is the rule that shows one's actions determine the course of their life cycle & rebirth. For example if you were to steal and do wrong, in your next life you may be reborn into a lower caste or just have a poor life. One way to have good karma and have good lives is to follow the dharma or an individuals duty fulfilled by observance of custom or law. Once one fulfulls their dharma throughout all their lives and has good karma to bring them up in the caste system they'll reach moksha. Moksha is the final resting place for one's soul where their soul becomes one with Brahman. Like heaven this place is thought to be peaceful. There are three paths to maksha being:
-path of right thinking
-path of right action
-path of religious devotion
The Caste System
Brahmins are the highes caste. This caste includes priests and are the closest to the gods. They also have great respect from others.
Kshatriya is the wealthy ruling caste Below Brahmins. This class includes kings and warriors.
Vaishya are the merchants, artisans and landowners. They are the npeople who sell products.
This caste is considered the lowest caste but even though they are the lowest they are probably the most important reason being they are the only caste to provide food and goods for everyone else. This caste also includes commoners, peasants, and servants.
The untouchables aren't even considered to be an actual caste. These people are below the lowest in the caste system and have little to no respect due to the idea of reincarnation, and Karma it is believed that these people are very bad people inside and that is why they've been reborn into being an untouchable.
Untouchables are given all the worst jobs nobody wants like cleaning the sewers, sweeping streets, and being latrine cleaners.
How does Hinduism affect those who follow it?
Hindu music with dance
Educational Video on Hinduism
Buddhism is similar to Hinduism for the fact that in both of these religions people believe in Karma, Dharma, and rebirth. Karma is the rule that shows one's actions determine the course of their life cycle & rebirth. Dharma is an individuals duty fulfulled by observance of costom or law. Rebirth is the continuation of one's sould being reborn after death into another life.
Buddhists also believe in the 4 noble truths and the eighthfold path. The 4 noble truths are the four truths on suffering in life. These truths say that (1)Suffering is universal-everyone suffers, (2)the cause of suffering is desire, (3)if you end your desires suffering will end(which is necessary to reach Nirvana), (4)follow the eighthfold path. The eighthfold path are teachings of Gautama Buddha. This teaches people to (1)know the truth, (2)say nothing to hurt others, (3)practice meditation, (4)control your thoughts, (5)resist evil, (6)free your mind of evil, (7)work for the good of others, and to (8)respect life.
Buddhists practice right understanding, right thought, right speech, right action, right work, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration. They practice this through meditation, to reach enlightenment. Not only do they practice meditation but they practice nonviolence and equality. Their overall goal is to reach Nirvana. Nirvana is the release from selfishness, pain, and the cycle of rebirth. This is like Moksha or Heaven.