By: Gustavo Pacheco
Migrants brought a great variety of languages to the region. Arab geographers called the region Jabal Al-Alsun, or the mountain of language. The indo-european, Caucasian, and the altaic language families are the regions most common.
Culture & Economy
The peoples of the region have exhibited an extraordinary ethnic and cultural diversity since early times: the Colchians, for example, as described in the 5th century by the Greek historian Herodotus, were black-skinned Egyptians, though their true origin remains unclear. In subsequent centuries, successive waves of peoples migrating across Eurasia added to and were molded by the more established groups in the region.