Africa and Atlantic World

By Jake(2,3) and Blake(1,4)

Social Effects of the Slave trade

The slave trade in Africa caused a lot of Europeans to start hunting for Africans to effectively kidnap and use as slaves. It made the Africans constantly on the run, and they had to constantly move their homes to be as far away from the slaver routes. It also gave people in the New World access to a lot of cheap labor, without depending on indentured servants.

Political effects of the slave trade

All the previous political system they had in Africa was disrupted due to the slave trade. The Europeans set up a predatory regime powers that intervened in the political process to prevent the rise of the centralized African states that would have hamper their slave trade. This left the African society disorganized and vulnerable, which later led to European colonialism.

How the Plantation System worked

Sugar was mainly a crop of the Caribbean and tobacco was produced in the North America. The workers were mainly the slaves imported to the New World from the Atlantic slave trade.

The Labor conditions in plantation systems were poor. The Europeans relied on the use or threat of violence to force the slave production. Also, they used cruel methods to enforce white control over large slave populations such as punishment, torture and exhausting work. Slaves were individualized in order that they not band together and revolt.

How the slaves resisted

Other than escaping to other places away from the routes the slavers regularly took slaves had three options of resistance once on plantations. They could group together and rebel against their slaveowners, they could run away, or they could perform small acts of rebellion against their slaveowners like slowing down on their daily work. The first two options were very risky, as if their attempts failed they would be tortured. The only successful large-scale of slave rebellion came in Haiti in 1790.