The Great Depression

BY: Angel Crabtree Block:1

Where Did It Happen and Who Was Involved?

The Great Depression happened between 1929-1939. It was the deepest and longest economic downturn in history. In the United States it began soon after the stock market crash in October 1929, which sent wall street into panic and wiped out millions of investors. The Great Depression hit the hardest of those who were in the United States, Germany, and Great Britain.


When Did It Happen? What Else Was Going On in The World?

The Great Depression happened on October 29, 1929 and ended around 1939. Hitler and the Holocaust was going on, world war 2 was happening in 1939 when the Great Depression was over, the dust bowl also happened in the 1930’s.


What Happened?

The stock market had crashed, thought this was a mild bump, by spring of 1933 unemployment went from 8-15 million and gross national product had decreased from 103.8-55.7 billion, poor were hit the hardest, farmers in the midwest were hit by economic downturns and the dust bowl. School day and school year shorten because the lack of money, the crisis made it the great depression. President Hoover believed it would do more harm than good, and to provide relief to the unemployment and homeless. FDR and others began a direct work relief program, helped only a few. ¼ unemployment families received relief and 1.5% of government funds were spent on relief averaged about $1.67 per citizen. Many people could not find jobs and that caused suicide rates to go from 14 to 17 per 100,000.

Why Did It Happen? What Were Some Direct Effects/ Results?

It happened because of the stock market crash that happened in October the year of 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors. Over the next several years, consumer spending and investment dropped, causing steep declines in industrial output and rising levels of unemployment as failing companies laid off workers.


The results of the Great Depression were harsh for the people at the time but when it came to an end things started to look up again when WWII started to happen. During the Depression, unemployment rose to 25%, wages fell 42%, economic growth fell 50%, and world trade plummeted 65%. That's partly because prices fell 10% a year, thanks to deflation.

Critique Of Valley Farms

Ross Dickinson created the artwork "Valley Farms". It was created in 1934. The media Dickinson used for this artwork was oil on canvas. Dickinson created this piece of artwork to show "The American Scene" of what was going on during the Great Depression. This artwork is showing the farmer's life during the Great Depression.


To create this piece of artwork, Dickinson used mostly warm colors. The elements Dickinson used in this piece of artwork are line, shape, color, value, size. The elements that stand out the most are line, color. They stand out the most because the lines used on the hills make it look more realistic, the colors are a perfect match for what a farm would look like. The main focal point of this piece of artwork are the hills. The hills are important because it is implying that they are harsh and dry from the farmer's land below. What causes my eye to move around is the big hills and how they contrast from the land the farms are on.


This piece of artwork makes me think of how times were during the Great Depression for the farmer's during the 1930's when the dust bowl happened as well. In this piece of artwork it is representing what farmer's went through. The farms were destroyed during the dust bowl and the farmers were in deep trouble during the Great Depression. They were promised a promised land that they never received. The reason Dickinson created this piece of artwork was to show the struggles of the farmers.


I feel this artwork was successful because I understand what the artist is trying to show about the farmers during the Great Depression. I liked how the hills were created and that they show the dryness and harshness that happened during the dust bowl. I like that the colors are warm because it shows the danger the danger that the farmers are in with the hills, fire and smoke. This piece of artwork reminds me of the other good artwork like "Forgotten Man" by Maynard Dixon. It reminds me of this artwork because both pieces deal with the main topic about the Great Depression. This artwork is successful because the artist contributed what farmers went through during this time period in life. It is successful because you can understand what the artist is showing in this piece of artwork.

Critique Of Forgotten Man

Maynard Dixon created the artwork "Forgotten Man". It was created in 1934. The media Dixon used for this artwork was oil on canvas. Dixon created this artwork to show what had happened to people during the Great Depression and how they felt. This artwork is showing a man sitting on the curb of a sidewalk looking hopeless and alone not know what to do.


To create this piece of artwork, Dixon used mostly cool and dark colors to express the sad emotion people felt during the Great Depression. The elements Dixon used in this artwork are line, shape, color, value, and size. The elements that stand out the most are line, color. They stand out the most because the lines in his pants makes the pants look real, and the color that is used for his clothes and the ground show that he is sad and helpless. The main focus of this artwork is the man sitting on the sidewalk and how his face shows how he feels. What causes my eye to move around is the colors that are being used on the man and how they have a meaning.


This artwork makes me think about the emotional toll people had during the Great Depression. In this piece of artwork the man is representing helplessness, loneliness, and what people were going through emotionally during this time. The reason the artist Dixon made this piece of artwork was to show attention to the economic, social, and political upheavals of the Great Depression.


I feel this artwork was successful because I understand what the artist was trying to show about the hopelessness people had during the Great Depression. I like how this piece of artwork is focused on the man on the side of the sidewalk and how his face expression show how he is feeling. I like how the colors are muted and dark looking to show that this is a hard time Americans had to go through. This piece of artwork reminds of the other good artworks like "Mission House" by Ronald Ginther. It reminds me of this piece of artwork because both pieces of artwork are dealing with the Great Depression. This artwork is successful because the artist contributes the people and the emotions that they felt during the Great Depression. It is successful because you can understand what the artist is trying to show through his piece of artwork.

Critique Of Mission House

Ronald Ginther created the artwork "Mission House". It was created in 1930. The media Ginther used for this artwork was watercolor. Ginther created this piece of artwork to show the Great Depression in washington state. It is showing that culture and art was a big thing during the Great Depression.


To create this piece of artwork, Ginther used water colors that were a dark color. The elements Ginther used were line, shape, color, value, and size. The elements that stand out the most are line, and color. They stand out the most because you can see some lines in the painting and it gives the object a natural look. The colors stand out because the are dark color and the Great Depression was a dark period in history. The main focus of this piece of artwork are the people on stage and the man bowing down at them. This is the main focus because it is showing that the arts was popular during the Great Depression. What causes my eye to move around the most are the signs on the wall and the guy leaning against the wall. It causes my eye to move around because it is showing that he is stressed but the singing is helping him.


This artwork makes me think about the people during the Great Depression and question did people find the arts comforting during this time in history. In this piece of artwork people are sitting down listening to the people on stage perform and some are leaving. The reason the artist Ginther created this piece of artwork was to show how the arts was a popular thing during the Great Depression.


I feel this piece of artwork is successful because I see what the artist is trying to show about the arts being a popular thing in people's lives during the Great Depression. I like how this piece of artwork is focused on the singers and the men who are listening to them. I like how the artist made the picture look like his time period. This piece of artwork reminds me of the other good artworks like "Valley Farms" by Maynard Dixon. It reminds me of this piece of artwork because both pieces of artwork are dealing with the Great Depression. This artwork is successful because the artist contributes how the arts was popular during the Great Depression. It is successful because you can understand what the artist is trying to show through his piece of artwork.

Resources