What Happened At Pompeii

Alejandro Florez and Ashley Delgardo

When did it occur?

The eruption of Mount Vesuvius erupted on the 24th of August in the year 79 A.D., burying Pompeii and many of its citizens below tons of volcanic ash and debris.

Ancient Pompeii Today

Who Was Involved?

No one was what you'd say "involved", however there were influences because people didn't take the warning seriously. But it wasn't like anyone planned it or purposely caused it. It's nature and nature takes it's course and sometimes that includes devestation.

What Was It Like?

Before the explosion, Pompeii was a Roman colony due to being defeated and losing their independence along with other rebelling Italian towns. Therefore, it had many Roman customs. It was a busy city with a population of 20,000 and it was actually a rather popular vacation destination for wealthy Romans. It had elegant houses and elaborate villas that lined perfectly paved streets. Along the streets were also cafes, artisans' shops, taverns and small factories. There was a 20,000-seat arena where everyone in the town would gather and many marketplaces where people traded goods.

What About The Volcano?

The volcano that erupted and destroyed this beautiful city was Mount Vesuvius which today has an elevation of 1,281 miles high. Although, scientists believe that it used to stand roughly twice it's height now. It's a very complex volcano and usually erupts once every twenty years, but an explosion is due any day now, because it has not erupted since 1944. The people of Pompeii didn't leave because they didn't take any warning seriously, not even the earthquake in 62 A.D. or the "warning" eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 63 A.D. They simply looked over the volcano's tremendous temper just because of the beautiful location and scenery. Pliny The Younger, a young writer wrote to his friend Tacitus about the volcano and his uncle's act of bravery. He wrote " I can best describe its shape by likening it to a pine tree. It rose into the sky on a very long "trunk" from which spread some "branches." He also described how some parts of the cloud was white and others were dark patches of dirt and ash.

Tools And Technology Used In The Excavation?

As early as the 18th century, excavators have applied varnish to wall-paintings to help prevent their decay. Also, an Italian explorer named Guiseppe Fiorelli came up with the method of using plaster to cast molds. The result was that it preserved many organic materials such as plants and human bodies.

When Was Pompeii Discovered?

Remnants of Pompeii initially were discovered in the 16th and 17th centuries but were not taken seriouslyIn 1748, Bourbon King of the Two Sicilies, Charles III ordered the site to be excavated to build a foundation for his palace. It was then that Pompeii was unintentionally discovered.

Did anbody survive the explosion?

Yes, people did survive the explosion at Pompeii and there is information that disperses from eye wittnesses who escaped or visted Pompeii during the explosion. After the main events, there were fewer survivors and they were lying districts out of the paths of the volcano's flow.
The Lost City of Pompeii