Special Education



The Individualized Educational Plan (IEP) is a plan or program developed to ensure that a child who has a disability identified under the law and is attending an elementary or secondary educational institution receives specialized instruction and related services.

Resource Room

A separate, remedial classroom in a school where students with educational disabilities, such as specific learning disabilities, are given direct, specialized instruction and academic remediation and assistance with homework and related assignments as individuals or in groups.


Is a person who works with another teacher jointly; an associate.


The action or state of including or of being included within a group or structure.

Visual impairment

When a person has sight loss that cannot be fully corrected using glasses or contact lenses. It's estimated that as many as two million people in the UK may be living with this sort of sight problem. Of these, around 365,000 are registered as blind or partially sighted.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Occurs when a sudden trauma causes damage to the brain. TBI can result when the head suddenly and violently hits an object, or when an object pierces the skull and enters brain tissue.


A learning disorder characterized by difficulty reading.


Motor Learning Difficulties, Perceptuo-Motor Dysfunction, and Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). The terms Minimal Brain Damage and Clumsy Child Syndrome are no longer used.


Is a mental condition, present from early childhood, characterized by difficulty in communicating and forming relationships with other people and in using language and abstract concepts.

Intellectual disability

Below average intelligence and set of life skills present before age 18.


Inability to write coherently, as a symptom of brain disease or damage.


Is the action or process of adapting or being adapted.

Hearing impaired

loss that prevents a person from totally receiving sounds through the ear. If the loss is mild, the person has difficulty hearing faint or distant speech. A person with this degree of hearing impairment may use a hearing aid to amplify sounds.

Down Syndrome

A genetic chromosome 21 disorder causing developmental and intellectual delays.


Severe difficulty in making arithmetical calculations, as a result of brain disorder.

Assistive technology

An umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities and also includes the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.


A chronic condition including attention difficulty, hyperactivity, and impulsiveness.

Behavioral disordered (BD)

Is a broad category which is used commonly in educational settings, to group a range of more specific perceived difficulties of children and adolescents.


Functual mentally Disorder

Emotional disturbance (ED)

In the special education realm, conditions which generate behavioral issues fall under the category emotional disturbance.