Bridging the Gap

By Sam, Warren, and Kooper

1850- 1890 (An Episode of War)


Describes an incident common to soldiers on both sides in the American Civil War: the wounding of a comrade. During a lull in the fighting, a young lieutenant is dividing the morning's ration of coffee for his men when a shot rings out. A bullet has struck the officer's arm, and his men crowd around to view the damage. As the lieutenant makes his way to the rear for medical assistance, he sees all about him--a general, an artillery battery, some stragglers--in a new light. Another officer stops to redress the wound. When the lieutenant finally reaches a surgeon, the doctor assures the wounded man that amputation will not be necessary. Of course, it is only to calm the man, and when the lieutenant returns home to recuperate, his relatives cry at the sight of his flat sleeve. He tells them, "I don't suppose it matters so much as all that." It is, indeed, only a minor matter in the overall horror that is war.

Major events of the time

The civil war was from 1861-1865 between the north and the south The war resolved two fundamental questions left unresolved by the revolution: whether the United States was to be a dissolvable confederation of sovereign states or an indivisible nation with a sovereign national government; and whether this nation, born of a declaration that all men were created with an equal right to liberty, would continue to exist as the largest slaveholding country in the world.

“He was on the verge of a great triumph in mathematics, and the
corporals were thronging forward, each to reap a little square, when
suddenly the lieutenant cried out and looked quickly at a man near him
as if he suspected it was a case of personal assault. The others cried
out also when they saw blood upon the lieutenant's sleeve.”

Attitude of the nation the attitude of the nation was anti war because the war had already been going on for 5 years and peoples families were dying and people just wanted their families to come home alive. The American Civil War was the largest and most destructive conflict in the Western world between the end of the Napoleonic Wars in 1815 and the onset of World War I in 1914. And people just didn't understand because we were fighting our own country so it basically didn't make since we were killing our own people for what we wanted and it costed us 625,000 lives.

Advancements of the-

Telegraph -Abraham Lincoln was the first president who was able to communicate on the spot with his officers on the battlefield. The White House telegraph office enabled him to monitor battlefield reports, lead real-time strategy meetings and deliver orders to his men. Here, as well, the Confederate army was at a disadvantage: They lacked the technological and industrial ability to conduct such a large-scale communication campaign. So the telegraph gave the north a huge technological advantage.

“To the rear of the general and his staff a group, composed of a bugler,
two or three orderlies” he was communicating over telegraph which was a huge advantage for the north in the civil war because they could communicate and today we can communicate with. People across the world.

Railroad- the railroad came out and that helped everything help people travel faster helped move supplies easier instead of moving them with horses

Pop culture Whether played by these organized bands or simply sung by the soldiers themselves (accompanied by banjo, fiddle or harmonica), popular songs ranged from patriotic melodies meant for marching or to rally the troops to aching ballads that reflected the soldiers’ yearnings for home. Among the Union favorites were “Yankee Doodle Dandy,” “The Star-Spangled Banner” and “John Brown’s Body” (later changed into “The Battle Hymn of the Republic”), while the Confederates enjoyed “Dixie,” “When Johnny Comes Marching Home Again,” “The Yellow Rose of Texas” and “The Bonnie Blue Flag.” In addition to military music, southern slaves sang spirituals dedicated to emancipation, which would slowly work their way into the fabric of America’s musical culture as well. “ wasn't any quotes about it so I had to research pop culture for my time period.

Claim at first the music was like Yankee Doodle and a bunch of war songs like “when Johnny comes home”,”Dixie “ and many other war songs probably because we had just finished the civil war and there wasn't a ton of music being created because most of my time period was during the war . And there wasn't any quotes in the story about this had to research the time period. 1890 to 1910 wasn't really about music it was more about painting any many famous painters came from the time period.and finally 1910-1930 was all jazz that's because It was a new form of music that was very popular.

1890-1910 (The Yellow Wallpaper)


The narrator and her husband John are renting a beautiful, secluded estate for the summer. The narrator suffers from what her husband believes is a "temporary nervous depression." He orders her to rest as much as possible, and picks a room in the house for the two of them. The narrator feels vaguely uncomfortable with the estate, but obeys her husband’s decision for the two of them to stay there. She also obeys him when he chooses a large, airy room on the top floor instead of the smaller, prettier room on the ground floor that she prefers. Since her husband is a doctor, he wins all their arguments. The narrator would like to spend her time writing, but her husband, brother, and assorted other family members think this is a terrible idea.

The narrator is living in a house in which she feels uncomfortable, in a room she hasn’t picked out, and is forbidden from engaging in the one activity she enjoys. No wonder she becomes absolutely obsessed with the yellow wallpaper in her room. She begins fanatically tracing the pattern of the wallpaper and soon becomes convinced that there is a woman trapped within the paper. Shortly before the narrator is due to depart the house, she decides that she must free the trapped woman by stripping the wallpaper off. When her husband comes into the room, the narrator declares that she is now free. Upon seeing his wife creeping around the room peeling the paper off the walls, John faints. The narrator continues creeping around the room.

Major Events of the Time -November 7, 1893 - Women in Colorado are granted the right to vote.

The first women's rights convention is held in Seneca Falls, New York. After 2 days of discussion and debate, 68 women and 32 men sign a Declaration of Sentiments, which outlines grievances and sets the agenda for the women's rights movement. A set of 12 resolutions is adopted calling for equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women.

Advancements of the Time - inventions, such as the refrigerated railroad car and the cigarette-rolling machine, formed a basis for new industries and fortunes. Other inventions, such as the typewriter (1867) and adding machine (1888), mechanized office work and allowed record keeping to keep up with the flow of products and the vastly expanding volume of sales. The telephone (1876) revolutionized social and economic life.

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc) -French Realist artist known for his paintings of the French countryside, rural peasants, and traditional methods of painting.

famous artists around the world start

Important Information About the Story/Text - The story was an example on how the women were treated, in the story she didn’t get any choices of what she wanted or liked, so she freed herself, which is like how the women freed themselves to be able to have there own rights and make there own decisions


1- John is away all day, and even some nights when his cases are serious.

2 -She is a perfect and enthusiastic housekeeper, and hopes for no better profession. I verily believe she thinks it is the writing which made me sick!

3- I have locked the door and thrown the key down into the front path.

ennie wanted to sleep with me--the sly thing! but I told her I should undoubtedly rest better for a night all alone.

1910-1930 (How it feels to be colored me)


In the Story what if feels to be colored me, a little girl named Zora who for the first 13 years of her life she has lived in an all black community and had no interactions with whites except when they would pass by her town when traveling somewhere else. When she reached the age of 13 she started to attend the school with whites and blacks where she described the feeling of being as a black rock in the current of a white river, The only time she felt herself as colored was when she was surrounded by whites.

This shows that between 1910-1930 blacks and whites were still not treated as equals due to the facts that blacks lived in different communities from whites and even attended different schools until something changed allowing whites and blacks to go to school together. It describes the racism going on in time period and shows the viewpoint of a colored girl growing up living with these social norms.

Major Events of the Time -Creation of jazz music, World war 1, and the creation of the radio program

Advancements of the Time -Creation of jazz music and the creation of the first radio program, and talking movies

Pop Culture (Music, Art, etc) -The creation of the first talking picture “The Jazz Singer” which created a new way people experienced movies because there was no sound before the Jazz Singer

Important Information About the Story/Text -it gave a look into how blacks were treated by the whites and showed how whites might have had a higher authority over them because the whites did not see blacks as equals.

MLA Sources

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2 - Americas Best History. "America's Best History U.S. Timeline, The 1890's." America's Best History U.S. Timeline, The 1890's. Americas Best History, n.d. Web. 11 Nov. 2015

"Pop Culture." Pop Culture during the 1890s. N.p., n.d. Web. 9 Nov. 2015

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