Agriculture Across the World

Indonesia

Agriculture

The science, art, and business of cultivating soil, producing crops, and raising livestock; farming.


USDA

The USDA helps to keep America's farmers and ranchers in business as they face the uncertainties of weather and markets. They deliver commodity, credit, conservation, disaster, and emergency assistance programs that help improve the stability and strength of the agricultural economy. They also strive to improve the economy and quality of life in all of rural America.


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Background of Indonesia

Population: 251,160,124 (4th largest in the world)


Poverty level: 11.7% below poverty line

Government: Presidential system, constitutional republic

Average household income: 37.7 million rupiah ($3,996)

Average family size: 5

Religions: Muslim 86.7%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4%

Food Agencies

There is no food protection agency based specifically in Indonesia. There is, however, a group called the Food Security Portal that focus on helping keep farmers and agricultural workers safe from contaminating foods.


Animal Rights/Welfare

Animals have developed rights all over the world, even in Indonesia, only due to the fact that there are animal rights activists that will fight for the animals, and they are also recognized by the government. The only major violations against animal cruelty are imported cattle live for slaughter, which were being treated inhumanely and killed in inhumane ways. The cattle had been imported from Australia, which now put regulations on the trade.


Economic Advantages/Disadvantages

Indonesia has the third fastest growing economy in Asia, also the largest out of Southeast Asia. 50% of the population is below the age 29, giving Indonesia a young and dynamic work force. Indonesia also has a very vast supply of natural resources such as crude palm oil, natural gas, tin, copper, nickel, gold, coal, and cocoa. One of the disadvantages is that 32 million people are living below the poverty line, which creates an economic burden.


Technology

Indonesia was approved to be financially supported by The World Bank for $90 million towards their Research and Development for the country. Indonesia is ranked #47 in number of broadband internet users. Indonesia has it's large cities with large buildings and wealth, while also having still very rural areas where industrial and agricultural economies are sustained.


Agriculture in Depth

This country is slowly becoming more and more technologically advanced, but still has very basic equipment and still use old traditional farming/ranching styles that have been passed down from older generations.


One of the most major crops in Indonesia is rice. Another big export would be alcoholic beverages.

Common animals consist of tigers, orangutans, komodo dragons, and rhinoceros.

Indonesians consume almost the same foods we do (not including fast food), including beef, chicken, and fish. A major food staple would be rice. A lot of the food in Indonesia is the same, the difference would be the way it's prepared and what they make out of the ingredients.

Indonesian farmers work in completely different ways than American farmers. America has become more efficient and more artificial in terms of working with livestock and plants. Indonesia still functions with some of the older traditional ways that include more physical labor.

Indonesia has most of the same animals such as cows, goats, chickens, etc.

Dhatra Sitepu & Delna Br. Tarigan, Indonesia -- Farmer Profile