Westward Expansion

Annie N. Hr.5

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Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny is the term for the 19th century period American expansion that the United States was destination to stretch from coast to coast which helped fuel western settlement. It created the idea of American progress and Westward expansion and who are protected and guided by a goddess known as Columbia, in the painting she's the symbol of America. She also represents destiny and progress as she's guiding the nation through series of events that will eventually happen. She's showing communication across the nation and it shows history of past, present and versions of what's to come next.

Picture Timeline

4 Trails West Map

There were 4 trails and they were the Oregon trail, Santa Fe trail, California trail and the Mormon trail. The Oregon trail's purpose was so people could settle in land, the Santa Fe trail was used for trade, the California trail was so the people could travel to find gold and land and the Mormon trail was where the people wanted religious freedom
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Texas Revolution

  • Settlers who moved to Texas were mostly yeoman farmers driven by the Mexican governments policy which instituted to attract settlers. Americans were welcomed into the region as stabilizing the border, but the result was Texas rapidly turning into an American province.
  • Battle of Alamo for Texans was where the Texans and Tejanos prepared to defend the Alamo's together and they held for 13 days against Santa Anna's army. The defenders saw it as the Alamo's were the key to defense of Texas, and they were ready to give their own lives than be surrender their position to Santa Anna. The battle left most of the defenders dead and by sunrise Santa Anna entered the Alamo compound to look at the scene of his victory.
  • Battle of San Jacinto was during the Texas War of Independence. The Texas militia under Sam Houston launched a surprise attack against the forces of Mexican General Santa Anna along the San Jacinto River. Hundreds of these Mexicans were soon later taken prisoner, including General Santa Anna.

Mexican-American War

  • Some causes of the Mexican-American War was Texas gained its Independence from Mexico in 1836 and the U.S. declined to join into a union because they were against adding a slave state. Also the Mexican government was encouraging border raids and warning that any attempt at annexation would lead to war. When Polk's offer to purchase California and New Mexico lands were rejected he instigated a fight by moving troops into a disputed zone between Rio Grande and Nueces River that both countries has to be recognized as part of the Mexican state of Coahuila.
  • The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was where the Mexican government surrendered and peace negotiations began. The treaty is what officially ended the war in February 18, 1848 and it added an additional 525,000 square miles to the United States territory including the lands that made up present day Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah and Wyoming. With that being said Mexico gave up claims to Texas and recognized the Rio Grande as America's southern boundary. To return U.S. paid Mexico $10 million and agreed to settle all claims of U.S. citizens against Mexico.
  • When rumors of a war between the U.S. and Mexico reached California, many Americans feared the Mexican might make an attack to plan a rebellion. In Spring 1846 John C. Fremont showed up at Sutter's Fort with a group of soldiers and many didn't know weather he was demanded to start a rebellion or not. However, the young officer began to make the American settlers and adventurers to form militias and prepare for a rebellion against Mexico
  • The Gadsden Purchase, or Treaty, was an argument between the U.S. and Mexico which finalized in 1854. Where the U.S agreed to pay Mexico $10 million for a 29,670 square mile portion of Mexico.

Performance writing

Levi Strauss

I just opened a dry goods store on San Francisco's Market Street. With the California gold rush it's been hard trying to open up the store. I finally managed to get my store ready and it's finally about to open and I think it'll sell very well since I've seen many people buy goods around here like water and food for the trails and pack clothes for their trips they're traveling . All of them are going to be traveling to California to go mine for gold and start a new life. I've been working on a clothing line myself and it's a type of jeans that you wear as pants that'll be able to hold better and not fall apart as easily. Throughout the times I've been spending I've seen more and more people leaving and fighting over the land in California to claim their own land to mine for gold and a spot to provide for their family.