Water in Haiti
By: Gashon H.
Haiti's Troubled Past.
Haiti was the first Caribbean state to achieve independence and the only nation in world history born of a successful slave revolt. Yet decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, and political instability have left it as the poorest country in the western hemisphere, with over half the population living on less than $1.25 a day
When Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1492, it was inhabited by Taino Amerindians. The Spanish soon settled on the island and then ceded the west and central sides to the French in 1697, who called the colony St. Domingue. There was a heavy importation of slaves from western Africa, and the colony soon became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean. In the late 18th century, Haiti’s 500,000 slaves revolted and started a rebellion. Under the leadership of Toussaint L’Ouverture, they were able to overthrow the colonial government and declare independence in 18.