Water in Haiti

By: Gashon H.

Haiti's Troubled Past.

Haiti was the first Caribbean state to achieve independence and the only nation in world history born of a successful slave revolt. Yet decades of poverty, environmental degradation, violence, and political instability have left it as the poorest country in the western hemisphere, with over half the population living on less than $1.25 a day


When Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Hispaniola in 1492, it was inhabited by Taino Amerindians. The Spanish soon settled on the island and then ceded the west and central sides to the French in 1697, who called the colony St. Domingue. There was a heavy importation of slaves from western Africa, and the colony soon became one of the wealthiest in the Caribbean. In the late 18th century, Haiti’s 500,000 slaves revolted and started a rebellion. Under the leadership of Toussaint L’Ouverture, they were able to overthrow the colonial government and declare independence in 18.


Since its independence, however, Haiti has been plagued by instability and dictatorships and it is now among the poorest countries in the world. The lack of foreign investment contributes to the declining economic situation of the country