Trench Warfare

By: Bethany Tuma

Trench Warfare

Trench Warfare was started in early 1915. Armies occupied the trenches - running hundreds of miles from North Sea to border of Switzerland. New fight called trench warfare.

Battle of Somme

British forces suffered some of 60,000 casualties in a single day. the four month battle left more than one million dead.

New weapons of the war

Machine guns fired hundreds of rounds per minute; deadly impact. During World War One, poison gas was deadly (cloud of mist). If the gas was fired, you only had you only had seconds to put on gas masks or suffered slow, suffocating deaths. Submarines and airplanes were also new to the war.

French Warfare

- Four decades prior to August 1914, Western World and countries in its sphere of in influence were undergoing unprecedented changes in every area of society.

- Industrial expansion and wealth, both personal and national and a profound impact on economic life.

- Monarchies and democracies alike sought to cope to the changes to protect their authority.

- With the European expansion a small number of people sensed a apocalypse.

- Both sides thought the war would end quickly.


- From the very beginning, the war grew very out of control.

- New styles of warfare

- In the west, the German army invaded Belgium. Rumors and stories quickly spread.

The Trenches: symbol of the stalemate

- The first trench was completed in late November, 1914. Both sides extended about 400 miles.

- "The bodes we could not get from the German. Wire continued to sell... the color of the dead faces changed from white to yellow - grey, to red, to purple, to green, to black."

-The allies used four types of trenches

- connecting these trenches were communication trenches, when allowed movement of messages, supplies and men along the trenches.

- No mans land:

My mid November 1914, the territory between opposing trenches were marked. Nearly all vegetation was destroyed. Whenever possible, both sides filled land with barbwire.