By: Andrew T.
Why are alliance so important in wars?
World War 1 wouldn’t have been the big, bad, war we have learnt about if there weren’t alliances. Alliances played a huge part in World War 1 and plays a huge part in all wars. Without alliances in wars, there would be a handful of countries fighting everyone in a free for all, or if countries don't want to get involved in that, there would be only two countries fighting each other. With alliances, you have two organized, strong teams with thousands of soldiers. If there were no alliances in World war 1, tiny little Serbia would have probably been destroyed by the big Austria/Hungary empire in a matter of months or even weeks because Russia would not have been there to help to stop them. Serbia's depended on their alliances to survive.
There were two sets of alliances in World War 1, the Allies and the Central Powers. The Allies team had France, Great Britain (Including Canada), and Russia to start the war. Italy, the United States of America, and Belgium joined the Allies during World war 1. The Central Powers had Germany, Austria/Hungary, and the Ottoman Empire (Now Turkey) at the start of World war 1. Bulgaria also joined the Central Powers in World War 1 later on. I know your thinking "the Central Powers sounds like a pretty small alliance and that obviously was why the Allies beat them" but you would be wrong. Germany, Austria/Hungary, and Turkey used to all have big empires with a more land back then. Lots of land comes with a big population, and with a big population comes with a lot of soldiers. If anyone had an edge over another at the start of World War 1, honestly... it was the Central Powers.
Here are some British men from the Allies.
Allies vs. Central Powers
This is a map of the alliances. Green is the allies, red is the Central Powers, and yellow are the neutrals.
Here are some Germans from the Central Powers.
The Double Alliance
Once I got my topic on alliances, I was very keen to learn why Austria/Hungary joined up with Germany also known as the double alliance. After all, without Germany, Austria/Hungary would have probably been toast with in the first year or two. Germany was the heart and soul of the Central powers. Austria/Hungary was allied with Germany before World War 1. Guess what, they even fought in a few wars together before World War 1, they had some experience together. They were pretty much best friend countries. The main reason they were such good friends, was the countries were so much alike. They shared borders with each other, both were big bad empires eager for more land, and lastly, my third and final reason, they didn’t really have other options for alliances. They had already made many rivals far before World War 1. Austria/Hungary and Germany were both empires that would try to take over your land, as already mentioned, most of the countries despised them. Why wouldn't you though, that’s just dirty, its stealing.
Italy switching from one alliance to another
One topic that really popped out at me in the middle of researching alliances, was Italy switching from the Central Powers to the Allies. Honestly, I thought Italy was a neutral country during the war until I started researching about alliances. Italy had fought with Austria/Hungary and Germany as the triple alliances in the 1800's and the start of 1900 but bailed on them when World War 1 started. The Italy government didn't want to get involved.The head of Italy's Government, Mussolini, explained why Italy was not involved in World War 1 in July of 1914. It was because the government didn't want to get blood on their hands like Austria/Hungary and Germany did. "Down with the war, down with the arms, and up with humanity." Almost everyone supported Mussolini except the nationalists of course, but Mussolini lost all his respect later on when nationalists were still questioning him why Italy wasn't helping out their close allies, Austria/Hungary and Germany. Mussolini said, "Do you want to be spectators in this great drama? Or do you want to be its fighters?" Mussolini was kicked out of his party though some supported him and left the party with him. After Italy's new government was elected, they signed a secret treaty with Britain, giving Italy some territory in return (Adriatic Sea region – Tyrol, Dalmatia and Istria.) Britain wanted this treaty so bad because it opened up a new front. Articles say that Italy would have done better if they stayed with the Central Powers.
Why the Allies beat the Central Powers
We all know World War 1 was a very close war but in the end the Allies won. Although the Central Powers came out stronger than the Allies, the Allies were better long term. Here's a few reasons why the Allies won World War 1. One, the Allies were better organized. They had better plans, they thought things over better before they made moves, and they were a lot better at that than the Central Powers. Two, they had better war technology (computer stuff, guns, artillery, tanks, aircrafts, etc.) This was because the Central Powers were bankrupt. They didn't stratetigicly buy their war supplies, they went crazy with them at the start of the World War 1, which did give them an edge then but thinking long term it was stupid. They should have known that they were going to go bankrupt because not many countries in Europe are rich, so they should have seen it coming. This reason connects with my first one. Three, the Allies had some fresh soldiers when The United States joined them near the end of the war. Some people don't understand that you can do a better job when your rested and well fed. Both teams' soldiers had been fighting for years in the war, most of them weren't as strong as they use to be. They were very unhealthy living in the trenches which could be a very grueling experience. When the United states jumped into the war on the Allies side, they were all healthy because they hadn't been living in trenches for a few years. Another factor was how big the population of the USA was. They had one of the biggest populations in the world back then too. Well, there you have it, I wonder what would have happened if the Central Powers won World War 1. We probably wouldn't even be living right now!
By: Andrew T.