Types of book Genres

By Anish Singhal

Science Fiction

Science Fiction is a fiction based genre that tells stories about the science and technology of the future. It is a must to know that science fiction also relates to the principles of science; means that it can't be completely unbelievable, otherwise it would venture into the fantasy genre. In a Science Fiction book, the plot creates situations from both the present and past. It also includes human elements, explaining what effects of new discoveries, events, and scientific developments will have on us in the future. These books are often set in the futuristic times, in space, in a different world/planet, or in a different universe/dimension. Some great examples of science fiction books is "The City of Ember" by Jeanne DuParu, or another great example is "Ender's Game" by Orson Scott Card.

Realistic Fiction

Realistic Fiction is another fiction based genre, but these stories actaully can happen in the real earth. All of the characteristics of Realistic Fiction exist in real life, unlike Fantasy. Although the characters and moments in a Realistic Fiction book are true to real life, it yet is still drawn from the writers imagination. For example: In today's time period, it might have things like computers, TV's, electric fans, Tablets, Phones, Schools, and a lot more modern examples! A great part of a Realistic Fiction book is the theme, which mostly reflects human experiences and life. The setting would obviously take place in the present, because that's real. Some of my favorite examples of Realistic Fiction books are "Big Nate" by Lincoln Peirce, "Diary of a Wimpy Kid" by Jeff Kinney, and a lot more!


Fantasy is the genre of total fiction. A lot of its characteristics are fictional, with events occuring outside the laws of the universe and lots of action. Magic or magical things are the center pure heart of the fantasy book genre. Fantasy books often include journeys or quests. There are 3 different ways that writers of fantasy set up their worlds.

  1. Quiet a lot of novels start and end in a Fantasy world.
  2. Some can start in the real world and end in a Fantasy world.
  3. Some can also only be in the real world but with elements of magic intruding upon it. Protagonists will usually use some kind of opening, entrance, secret train, portal, etc. to enter the fantasy world, like in Harry Potter, You have to run into the wall between platforms 9 and 10, and you will end up in a secret train to Hogwarts. In The Lion, Witch, and wardrobe, there is a wardrobe portal to enter the snowy world of Narnia. The biggest advantage of Fantasy to writers is that it can open up possibilities and not be confined into the universe and nature's laws. It can also open up complex ideas on a symbolic level which would have been difficult to convey. Ursula Le Guin has written the fact that "Fantasy is true, it just isn't factual." Fantasy involves a different way of apprehending exsictence, but it is no less than realism. Plus, lots of people would prefer Fantasy over realism. There are a lot of great Fantasy books out there, like the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling, or "The Chronicles of Narnia" by C.S. Lewis!


The genre Romance is a smart, fresh, and diverse genre of books. The two basic and central elements of a romance book is a love story in the central part of the book and a very strong, heart touching, emotinal ending. The whole plot of a Romance book is about induviduals falling in love and having a struggle to make the relationship work. It can include many subplots in the story. At the end, the romance lovers who struggled, risked, and sacrificed for each other are rewarded with emotinal justice and unconditional love. Romance books may not have any tone or any style, be set in any place or time, and have varying levels of sensitivity; from sweet to extremly hot. These things create subgenres within romance. Some great romance book examples are Breaking Dawn by Stephinie Meyer, Rival by Penelope Douglas, and lots more!

Historical Fiction

Histiorical Fiction is the genre of history. The elements have events that are true to real life, but the story itself is fictional. The setting element in Historical Fiction books is the most important. The reason is that the writer of the book is writing about a particular time in history. The information of that specific event has to be accurate, authentic, or the same. The author does research throughly to contain the information in the book he/she is writing. Any kind of Historical Fiction book will have characters that are either imaginary or existing. The settings can also be true or fictional. The plot depends on whethr they actually document historical events, or the author created the event order. That means the author can create fictional events with real info, or he/she can just document it. Every single element of a Historical Fiction book have to be portrayed authentically as if it feels like it actually happened. One of my favorite examples of Historical Fiction books is the "I Survived" series by Lauren Tarshis.


The genre Autobiorgraphy is basically a biography of a person written by that exact same person. Ex. A biography of Bill Gates that is written by Bill Gates himself. Its elements are the exact same of a biography: is about a person's life of sorrows, situations, achivents, and struggles; is all completely nonfiction. The writer(person being wrote about) is also explaining his feelings at that time in the eyes of the book contents. Since the writer is writing about himself, it is very obivous that he/she doesn't need to do any research. Some great examples of Autobiography books are "The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin" By Benjamin Franklin himself, obivously, " I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings" by Maya Angelou, and lots more!


Adventure is one of my favorite book genres. It is another competely out of universe laws genre, kind of like Fantasy. In most adventure books, there is a hero/heroine, in which he has to go in a journey/quest to achive something. There has to be some kind of action/violence in the book. There is a possibility that the hero/heroine can be a villian. In these books, there will always be a resolution to a problem. This genre can mesh into other kinds of book genres. The main character (hero/heroine) will usually be trustworthy and ideal. There can be sometimes groups of heros/heroines. The main goal is usually to defeat the villian of the story. This kind of genre is designed to make readers fear for the hero/heroine and cause a storm of sensitivity and feelings in the reader's mind, just like any other genre. The hero/heroine would always win, but the villian can change for the better. One very great example of an adventure book is The Hunger Games series by Suzane Collins.


The genre mystery is a very suspenseful, mysterious genre. The main plot is a detective solving mysteries of crimes or other things. Ex.: Stolen property, hijacks, etc. They can be anything, from short stories to chapter novels. At the end of it, the detective makes a feeling of resolution to the audience. The beginning incite action and suspense hooks the reader into reading the whole book. The main character is usually the detective, while the rest are suspects. The protaginist (detective) works to solve the mystery and is often finding him/herself in seroious danger. The detective will examine all clues, motives, and alibis to catch the gulity person. The detective may also interrogate suspects to find out more clues. One of my favorite series of mystery books is the "Brixton Brothers" series written by Mac Barnett.


The genre Biography is a genre of books in which writes about a famous person's life of struggles, conflicts, resolutions, and achievements. It is basically a nonfiction book from beginning of person's life to the end of it. Since it is nonfiction, the biography describes in many different text structures such as description, sequence, comparison, cause and effect, or problem and solution. Biographies may be read like fiction, but the text organization and features comprehend and enhance the meaning and understanding of the character and setting. One awesome example of biography books is "The Hare with Amber Eyes" by Edmund De Waal.


The genre thriller is the most suspenseful and anticipating genre ever. Its aim is to keep the reader hooked and in suspense, so the reader can keep reading until the end of it. Most thriller books are very much like horror books, but are more suspenseful. The usual plot of a thriller book would be that the protagonist has some kind of problem, which can be an escape, a mission, or a mystery. It will emphasize the protagonist's danger. The tension on the main problem goes throughout the book, leading to a very high stress climax. A good example of a Thriller book is " The Da Vinci Code" by Dan Brown.


The genre Horror is the scariest and horrific genre of all the genres. It emerges from the fantasy genre, concentrating on the dark aspects of fantasy and the goal of it is to fright the reader in fear. The book is jam packed with spooky vampires, demons ghosts, zombies, with the setting usually in dark, isolate locations. One very common attribute of the horror genre is the battle between the hero/heroine and the forces of demons and evil. There may be also blood in the book content. One good example of a horror book is "Summer of Night" by Dan Simmons.


The genre memoir is basically a sub -category linked with an autobiography. But it is only telling a small portion of the person's life, but it embellishes the truth of events, making it tell a better story. One good example of memoir books are "The Life and Time of Frederick Douglass" by Frederick Douglass, obivously.