By: Elaina Ramon
8.L.1.2 - Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease.
Epidemic-An outbreak of a disease that affects many people in an area of a specific country or region.
Pandemic-An epidemic that spreads over a very large area or throughout the world.
Vector-An organism typically an insect, transmits disease.
Pathogen-A virus,bacteria,fungi,parasite, or protozoa that can cause illness and infection.
Protozoa-Diverse organisms that cannot be classified as animals ,plants,or fungi,.EX: amoebas and algae.
Virus-A non-living pathogen that can change mutate.It infects a host cell and replicates to cause illness and disease.
Bacteria-Single-celled prokaryotes that can cause disease.Multiply rapidly and can forms colonies.
Parasite-An organisms that lives in or on another organism, called a host, taking nutrients and often harming it in the process.
Fungi-A single-celled or multi-cellular organism that can decompose or absorb organic matter.EX: mushrooms,yeast,or mold
Host Cell-A call that a virus invades,take over, and makes copies of itself.
Quarantine-A time or place of isolation in which people or animals that have been exposed to infectious or contagious diseases are placed.