Nuclear energy

Giving you energy with a bang!

Nuclear energy in general

Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reactions that release nuclear energy to generate heat, which most frequently is then used in steam turbines to produce electricity in a nuclear power station.

Waste in UK

Waste is surprisingly low

All of the UK’s nuclear waste is securely contained with an ever-increasing amount being solidified to make it suitable for long-term management. Other countries have already demonstrated how safe and secure long-term management and permanent disposal of nuclear waste is feasible. Countries such as Finland and Sweden are in the process of constructing deep geological radioactive waste disposal sites, following successful Government and public consultation.

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How nuclear energy affects the government

The price of fuel represents a small fraction of the total operating costs for nuclear power. As a result, these costs are stable and predictable, unlike fossil fuels where prices can fluctuate.

For both nuclear and renewables, the economics are dominated by the construction costs. Government analysis shows nuclear to be the cheapest form of low carbon electricity generation.

Nuclear is low carbonated energy

In the UK, the 2008 Climate Change Act set a legal obligation to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 80% from 1990 levels by 2050. To help meet this ambitious target, the Government has embarked on a policy of Electricity Market Reform (EMR) to stimulate investment in low carbon energy by private sector developers.CO₂ is the main cause of climate change. Nuclear power generation is extremely low carbon. Through its lifecycle nuclear power produces a similar amount of CO₂ emissions as wind power, and much less than solar. For each kilowatt hour of nuclear electricity, five grams of carbon dioxide is emitted, compared to around 365g from gas fired power stations, or 900g from a coal fired power station.In the UK, the power generated by existing power stations avoids the emissions of 40 million tonnes of carbon dioxide a year – the equivalent of taking almost half of Britain’s cars off the road.

Nuclear energy is efficient

In comparison to a traditional fossil fuel such as coal, nuclear fuel generates millions of times more power. For example 1kg of coal would power a 60 watt light bulb for four days. In comparison, nuclear would power the same bulb for 685 years.

Nuclear also saves billions of tonnes of CO₂ emissions. Compared to coal, the power generated by existing nuclear power stations avoids 40 million tonnes of CO₂ per year – the equivalent to taking half of Britain’s cars of the roads.

The health effects of such a dramatic reduction in fossil fuels are measureable. A recent paper reported in WNN said 1.8 million lives have been saved through the use of nuclear power instead of a representative mix of coal and gas.

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How good is nuclear energy

Nuclear energy is so powerful that every one in New York can have their AC on All day