Offshore Oil Drilling

Faulty Opinions vs. Reality

By: Tim G

Introduction

Who likes to swim in water with oil on top of it? No one does, but this has happened and will continue if we drill for oil in bodies of water. Oil doesn't only spoil water, it also wrecks beaches and environments. Many animals will eat or breath in the oil and die from the oil. White, sandy beaches will turn into black, oil covered coast. Offshore oil drilling should not be allowed due to the damage it causes to the environment, with or without an oil spill, and the lack of revenue that it will provide.

Environmental Consequences of Offshore Oil Drilling Spills

Oil Spills are dangerous to the environment. No matter how advanced the clean up techniques are, the oil will still make its mark. The following are two examples of the devastating effects of an offshore oil drilling spill.


Exxon Valdez Oil Spill


The Exxon Valdez tanker ran ashore in Prince William Sound, Alaska in 1989 ("Key"). The tanker spilled about 11 million gallons of oil that covered over 1,000 miles of Alaskan shoreline (“Key”). This disastrous spill killed many different types of animals including fish, birds and otters (“Key”). The Alaskan coastline environment was damaged badly, with estimates ranging from three to fifteen billion dollars of damage (“Key”). This is just one example of how dangerous offshore oil drilling/ transportation can be.


Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill


Another example of how dangerous offshore oil drilling can be is the Deepwater Horizon disaster. The Deepwater Horizon rig was one of the most advanced oil rigs ever (Hunter 18). On April 20, 2010, some of its natural gas caught fire and exploded, killing 11 people and leaving many injured (Hunter 18). Lots of different water animals were affected including seabirds, fish, shrimp, dolphins, turtles, sharks, squids and even jellyfish (Landau 19). People who relied on the sea for jobs went out of business, including shrimpers, oyster farmers, fisherman and boat captains (Landau 19) (“Deepwater”). One third of The Gulf of Mexico was closed to fishing ("Deepwater"). Tourism plummeted in towns on the Gulf of Mexico as a result of the oil spill (Landau 21). All of these effects clearly hurt the economy and environment of the Gulf of Mexico.

Above: An otter caught in the oil from the Exxon Valdez oil spill.


Picture: www.thedailygreen.com


Below: A picture showing the extent of the oil spill from the Deepwater Horizon.


Picture: en.wikipedia.org

The BP Oil Spill Deepwater Horizon Disaster

This video shows the incredible destruction of an oil spill on the environment.


URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4XtusjA5YEE

Destroying Without Spills

Even when there isn't an oil spill, finding oil and drilling it can still be harmful to the environment. When oil companies do seismic surveys to find the oil, they disrupt the whale’s ability to communicate (Hunter 24). When a spot is believed to have oil, the drillers have to confirm its presence by pumping out minerals from the ground (“Offshore”). These minerals pollute the ocean water (“Offshore”). Many offshore oil drilling rigs have pipelines to transfer the oil to land. These pipelines hurt the seabed of the ocean and can corrode over time, releasing oil (Hunter 26). Offshore oil drilling is harmful to the environment even when there isn't an oil spill.

Poor Income

The oil that would be found by expanding offshore oil drilling would not be a long-term solution to meet the U.S. energy needs ("Offshore"). This oil would not make the United States self-sufficient ("Offshore"). The U.S. oil supplies would only increase by 1 percent, not nearly enough to supply all the energy needs of its citizens ("Offshore"). This small amount of oil wouldn't help to lower oil prices ("Offshore"). From an economic viewpoint, the cons outweigh the pros for offshore oil drilling.

Concession and Rebuttal

Many people who support offshore drilling will say that it makes the United States of America less dependent on foreign oil.


In reality offshore oil drilling wouldn't make the U.S. less dependent on foreign oil. Offshore drilling would only increase oil supplies in the U.S. by one percent (“Offshore”). The extra oil would only fulfill U.S. energy needs for a short period; it wouldn't be a long term solution (“Offshore”). The money spent to find oil reserves and to drill them should instead be spent on a renewable energy source that won’t run out, such as wind energy ("Offshore"). New sources of energy would be more reliable and long lasting than oil ("Offshore").

Conclusion

The profit from offshore oil drilling doesn't justify the negative effects of ruining animals habitats and the jobs of people living there. The negative affects of the Exxon Valdez and Deepwater Horizon disasters go to show how devastating oil spills can be. Environments were damaged, beaches became oily, and many people were put out of work ("Key") (Landau 21). Without spills, the water still gets polluted when minerals are pumped out to confirm oil's presence ("Offshore"). Finally, the small amount of income that it would provide doesn't outweigh the negative effects. Its time to look for a new source of energy, one that doesn't kill animals, jobs, and people!


Picture: en.wikipedia.org

Works Cited

Works Cited

"Deepwater Oil Drilling." Issues and Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 2 Aug. 2010. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. <http://www.2facts.com/article/i1500410>.

Hunter, Nick. Offshore Oil Drilling. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2012. Print.

"Key Event: Exxon Valdez Oil Spill Fouls Alaska Coast." World News Digest. Facts On File News Services, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2014. <http://www.2facts.com/article/v00034>.

Landau, Elaine. Oil Spill!: Disaster in the Gulf of Mexico. Minneapolis, MN: Millbrook, 2011. Print.

"Offshore Oil Drilling." Issues and Controversies. Facts On File News Services, 5 Dec. 2008. Web. 10 Feb. 2014. <http://www.2facts.com/article/i1300640>.