Tropical Rain Forest
Vitals Of a Biome
The Tropical Rain Forest Biome is mostly located near the Ecuator. In the northern part of South America, mid-Africa, and the Indonesia area. The temperature of this Biome is 34 degrees Celsius and can drop to 20 degrees Celsius. The rain fall in this Biomem is big. It is 125 to 660 centimeters each year. This Biome is very humid as well. Adverge humitity is between 77 and 88%.
Plants In the Rain Forest
There are four levels of the tropical rain forest. The first is the Emergent level next is the upper canopy then understory and lastly the forest floor. There are many diffrent types of plants that live in the forest, over 2,500 diffrent species of vines, and many grow at the top of the forest to get as much sun as possible. Little to no light hits the forest floor so when a tree, just sprouting, gets hit with light, when a gap opens, they are likely to get a growth spert. Another adaption is that the trees sheed access water from their leaves so they donts get over weight and break off. In the understory the leaves of the plants are much bigger, so they get a bigger chance of getting hit with light. One last but not least adaptation is that many trees have Buttress and stilt roots for extra support in the wet forest floor.
Animals In the Rain Forest
Most of the wild life in the rain forest stay at the top of the forest, but there are some who venture down to the bottom level. There is a certain crab that lives at the bottom of the Forest called a red crab. Which is werid because you wouldnt think of a crab when you thought of the tropical rainforest. Since it rains a lot there, there are tons of pools of water where the crabs can lay. A lot of the animal life in the rainforest is equiped with a part of there bodys that can hold onto trees. For example monkeys have their long tails to hold on to branches, just like opossum. Another adaptation is a heavy diet in fruit, because most trees produce fruits. These are like Tocans and fruit bats. Other characteristics are bright colors and sharp patterns, and loud vocalizations. These are like the red eyed tree frog and Parrots.
Cooperation:Ants and fungi are a good example. The ants actively nurture and defend the fungi. The fungi provides nutrients for the ants and both the fungi and the ants benefit therefore it is cooperation. Another example of cooperation is Acacia ants protect the Acacia tree, which gives the ants a type of sugar sap, that feeds them.
Competition: Most animals in the forest are competeive because most eat fruit, which is plentiful but they dont know that. Some examples are Tocans, Moneys, some Bats, and parrots. An example of competion is both the Spider Monkey and the Slothe eat out of the Strangler Tree's. Another competition is that both monkeys and chimpanzes eat banana trees along with parrots, macaws and fruit bats.
A Boa Constricter is the predator to lizards, frogs, and opossum. Another is a Fruit bat to insects. The Anaconda and Capybara are an example of predator-prey relationships in the tropical rainforest. The large snakes of the rainforest are very likely to eat anything in the rain forest like monkeys, birds, and frogs exc.
There are many threats tothis biome, some are deforestation, or the cutting down of tree for roads, buildings, and logging. In the tropical rainforest most animals are endangered species, Golden Lion Tamarind Monkey is one of the most endangered of all the species, another is tropical Orchids, there are over 25,000 different types of orchids and many are endangered.
Many people say that the tropical rainforest is the place where the cure for HIV/AIDS, cancer, and many other diseases. The rainforest also supplies us with coca, rice, and other fruits. Those are the global importance's of the tropical rainforest.