By Emma Williams
define the problem
List the cause of the problem
state the effect this is having on the enviroment
state the effect that fire has on wildlife
Fires can have an impact on native animals. In most cases populations will not be affected as native animals will recolonize a burnt area from surrounding areas after a fire. Where a species population distribution is limited or the species is listed as vulnerable or endangered on the however, a significant fire event can impact these populations.
Native animals can escape fire by fleeing to unburnt islands within the burn area or to surrounding unburnt vegetation. Insects, reptiles and small mammals may be able to hide underground and arboreal animals will move up into the treetops to escape low to moderate intensity fires. Birds are the least impacted as they have the ability to fly away however, chicks and eggs can be impacted depending upon the season of the fire.
state the effect that fire is having on humans
If you have heart or lung disease, such as congestive heart failure, angina, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema or asthma, you may experience health effects earlier and at lower smoke levels than healthy people.
Older adults are more likely to be affected by smoke, possibly because they are more likely to have heart or lung diseases than younger people.
Children also are more susceptible to smoke for several reasons: their respiratory systems are still developing; they breathe more air (and air pollution) per pound of body weight than adults; and they're more likely to be active outdoors.