Early Civilizations Unit 1

Early religions and people

Judaism, Buddusim, and Hinduism

There are three important religions, theses religions are Judaism, Buddhism, and Hinduism. However, there alike and some what different in there own way. Judaism is the main religion of Israel and Buddhism and Hinduism are two main religions in India.

Judaism

Judaism is the religion of the country origin Israel, where the priests, judges, kings, and prophet where the leaders. There central beliefs were The Commandments, the Holy Book called The Torah and they only believe in one god based on monotheistic. However, they didn't believe in reincarnation. The teaching of Judaism is found worldwide and is the most common religion of today's history. In Judaism there was one special person named Abraham was the founder of Hebrews people according to the bible.

All About Judaism

Buddhism

Buddhism, another of the world's greatest religions in India, where the leaders were monks and one impartial stood out. His name was Siddhartha Gautama he became known as the "Buddha", or "The Enlightened One". He was born in about 563 B.C. in Northern India, he son of a wealthy prince in the region. Throughout his life, Buddha spent the remainder teaching his followers to purse the way to enlightenment the Way Of Life. The teachings of Buddha was the Four Noble Truths and The Eight-Fold Paths and these are the daily things they went by during there daily lives.

Hinduism

Hinduism was another major development in ancient India society. The Hindu god Brahma can be represented as a number of gods based on many gods known as polytheistic. There were mainly three important ones in the religion of Hinduism; Brahma the creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Siva the Destroyer. They also believe in reincarnation, to be reborn into another soul known as the afterlife.

Asoka

Asoka came in power about 270 B.C. he was proving to be even a greater ruler than his grandfather. He fought bloody wars the expand the size of his kingdom. He became a dedicated Buddhist late in his life. Asoka died in about 232 B.C.
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The Caste System

The caste system was the complex organization that begin to take shape after the Indo-Aryan migration. The caste system is made mostly of the rulers and the warriors at the top of the system, the second was the Brahmins, priests, and scholars, the third was the merchants, traders, and farmers, and the fourth was made of peasants, who worked in fields by owned by their owners.

Confucius

Confucius was a well-known philosopher who believe that kindness and peace was good giving the rise of Confucianism. Confucianism was the teachings of Confucius. He also taught about the importance of your family, respect for one's elders, and reverence for the past and one's ancestors.
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Cuneiform

Cuneiform was the Sumerian writing that developed from pictographic writing. It was different from the Egyptian writing, however the Egyptians writing were symbols carved on stone and written on paper while Sumerians wrote by pressing down onto clay tablets.

Mandate Of Heaven

Mandate Of Heaven was the way where kings could be overthrown.

Menes

united all of Egypt.

Hammurabi Code

It was the first legal code of Egypt out of all developed by the king himself, King Hammurabi. He wanted to make the town equal believing an eye for an eye.
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Gupta Dynasty

Gupta dynasty was during the golden age in India where the main religion was Hinduism.

Patriarchal Family

Patriarchal family was when the man of the house take in charge and it became under the rule of him, this kind of rule developed in China.
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Zhou Dynasty

Zhou Dynasty was the dynasty that required military service and no centralize government.

Maurya Empire

The Maurya Empire was the empire that almost ruled for 150 years for the longest.

Qin Dynasty

Qin Dynasty developed in China with the government of autocracy, having total power. They also built the beautiful, strong protective wall of great China to protect China from the invades.
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Zoroaster

Zoroaster was the Persian prophet in Iran at the age of 30 having the importance of the see visions of god.
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