Chemistry of Life

By Camryn Dubose

WATER

1.Water is made up of hydrogen and oxygen and alot of little particles. Cohesion holds hydrogen bonds together to creat surface tension on water. Since water is attracted to other molecules, adhesive forces pull the water towards other molecules.

Macromolecules




  1. 1.Macromolecules are molecules that are revelatively big compare to regular molecules. Each molecule is made up of small organic molecules. For carbonhydrates





  2. 2. The types of macromolecules are

    Proteins, Lipids, Nucleic Acids, and Carbohydrates.


Carbohydrates

Carbohydrates can also be separated into groups which measures how high and how quickly blood glucose levels change after eating carbohydrates. The higher the Glycemic Index, the higher the rise in blood sugar and the longer it takes to return to normal.

Proteins

Proteins are compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen , andnitrogen. They play an essential role in the cellular maintenance, growth, and functioning of the human body. Serving as the basic structural molecule of all the tissues in the body,

Lipids

Lipids have borne the brunt of the blame for the degenerative diseases that are the major causes of death in the developed world. The negative view of lipids has obscured their essentiality for human health. If a problem exists, it is one of quantity, in general, and specific lipids in particular.

Nucleic acids

Nucleic acids are a family of macromolecules that includes deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA ) and multiple forms of ribonucleic acid (RNA ). DNA, in humans and most organisms, is the genetic material and represents a collection of instructions (genes) for making the organism. This collection of instructions is called the genome of the organism.