Periodic Table of Elements
Dmitri Mendeleev was born at Tobolsk, Siberia in 1834. He studied science at St. Petersburg and graduated in 1856. In 1863 Mendeleev was appointed to a professorship and in succeeded to the Chair in the University. The Russian chemist and science historian L.A. Tchugayev has characterized him as “a chemist of genius, first-class physicist, a fruitful researcher in the fields of hydrodynamics, meteorology, geology, certain branches of chemical technology and other disciplines adjacent to chemistry and physics, a thorough expert of chemical industry and industry in general, and an original thinker in the field of economy.
His greatest accomplishment, however, was the stating of the Periodic Law and the development of the Periodic Table. From early in his career, he felt that there was some type of order to the elements, and he spent more than thirteen years of his life collecting data and assembling the concept, initially with the idea of resolving some of the disorder in the field for his students.
Best Known For
What is the Periodic Table of Elements?
The number of protons determines the atomic number of an element, which is its number on the periodic table. There aren't any skipped atomic numbers on the modern periodic table because new elements are synthesized rather than discovered. The placement of these new elements on the periodic table can be used to help predict the element's properties.
Element Properties and Trends
The periodic table helps predict some properties of the elements compared to each other. Atom size decreases as you move from left to right across the table and increases as you move down a column. Energy required to remove an electron from an atom increases as you move from left to right and decreases as you move down a column. The ability to form a chemical bond increases as you move from left to right and decreases as you move down a column.