Tim Berners-Lee

by Georgia Chilvers


The World Wide Web (WWW) has only been around for a few years. Use of the WWW became widespread in the mid 1990's, but its beginnings can actually be traced back to 1980 when Tim Berners-Lee, an Englishman who had recently graduated from Oxford, landed a temporary job as a software consultant at CERN in Geneva. He wrote a program, called Enquire, which he called a "memory substitute," for his personal use to help him remember connections between various people and projects at the lab. This was a very helpful tool since CERN is a large international organization involving a multitude of researchers located around the world.

what he created

In 1990, he wrote the Hypertext Transfer Protocol
(HTTP)—the language computers would use to communicate hypertext documents over the Internet and designed a scheme to give documents addresses on the Internet. Berners-Lee called this address a Universal Resource Identifier (URI). (This is now usually known as a URL—Uniform Resource Locator.) By the end of the year he had also
written a client program (browser) to retrieve and view hypertext documents. He called this client .He also wrote the first web server. A web server is the software that stores web pages on a computer and makes them available to be accessed by others. Berners-Lee set up the first web server known as "info.cern.ch." at CERN.


Where Tim Berners Lee worked