Culture War and the Sumpreme Court
By: Ryan Brinda
Whitus v. Georgia-1967
The Rights Involved: Fourteenth amendment which states the right to be free from discrimination in states to have due process of law and equal protection of the law.
Impact: The Supreme court ruled that convictions cannot stand if it was based on verdicts of juries on which racial discrimination has occurred.
Historical Significance: There always must be a mix of race in the jury selection in order to make the case unbiased.
Alexander v. Holmes County Board of Education-1969
The Rights Involved: Brown v. Brown of Education case, which took place 15 years before this case, stated that separate but equal is not equal. Also, Brown v. Board of Education II said they will desegregate with "deliberate speed" or when they get around to it.
Impact: The Supreme Court ordered immediate desegregation of public schools in the American South.
Historical Significance: Public schools must be desegregated and open to any race that decides to go to a public school.
United States v. Fordice-1992
The Rights Involved: Equal Protection Clause, which took effect in 1868, provides that no state shall deny to any person within its jurisdiction "the equal protection of the laws".
Impact: The Supreme Court resulted in an eight to one ruling that stated the system was not declared unconstitutional; simply the court ruled that more action needed to be taken to ensure integration.
Historical Significance: Colleges and Universities must be integrated because of the Equal Protection Clause.
Rice v. Cayetano-2000
The Rights Involved: Fifteenth Amendment to the Constitution granted African American men the right to vote by declaring that the "right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude."
Impact: In 2000 the Court ruled that the state could not restrict eligibility to vote in elections for the Board of Trustees of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs to persons of Native Hawaiian descent.
Historical Significance: Established that any citizens of the United States, no matter your race or native descent, has the ability to vote if he or she desires.