Turkey / Ottoman Empire

Involvement in WW1


The Ottoman Empire did not use chemical shells or tanks, unlike many of the other countries. They did not have access to them. The composure of bullets was sulfur, charcoal, and potassium nitrate.

The Ottoman Empire used 7.65 - 9.5 mm bullets.

The artillery shells were 75 mm and were supplied by the German Militia, thus they had no weapons when WW1 started.

The Ottoman Empire was not prepared for war.

The Ottoman Empire ran out of resources and lost research and even more resources due to internal and external conflict.

The Ottoman Empire allied with Germany, pulling them into WW1. However, most of their conflict came from civil and local wars.