By: Manny Cipriani B2

What is Obesity

Obesity is a condition that is associated with having an excess of body fat, defined by genetic and environmental factors that are difficult to control when dieting. Obesity is classified as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or greater. BMI is a tool used to measure obesity. Obesity increases your risk of developing related conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and sleep apnea, to name a few. Many individuals are affected by obesity and are not aware of it.

Facts about obesity

1. More than 1.4 billion adults were overweight in 2008, and more than half a billion obese

2. Obese youth are more likely to have risk factors for cardiovascular disease, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure. In a population-based sample of 5- to 17-year-olds, 70% of obese youth had at least one risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

3. Overweight and obesity are linked to more deaths worldwide than underweight

4. Childhood obesity is one of the most serious public health challenges of the 21st century. Overweight children are likely to become obese adults

5. Obesity means having excess body fat. For adults 35 and older, having a BMI greater than 30 is considered obese.

6. Twenty years ago, no state had an obesity rate above 15 percent. Today there are 41 states with obesity rates over 25 percent, according to the Trust for American's Health.

7. Over the past three decades, childhood obesity rates in America have tripled, and today, nearly one in three children in America are overweight or obese. The numbers are even higher in African American and Hispanic communities, where nearly 40% of the children are overweight or obese.

8. Mexico is the worlds fattest country, not the U.S.

9. The average American eats 25 pounds of candy each year

10. Obesity is a condition in which the body stores excess energy in the form of fat

5 things a person might do to maintain health

1. Being overweight is not always due to a lack of willpower or exercise. Sometimes your family history may be to blame. For some people, no amount of dieting or exercising will help

2. Follow a healthy eating plan. Make healthy food choices, keep your calorie needs and your family's calorie needs in mind, and focus on the balance of energy IN and energy OUT.

3. Nuts are crunchy, salty — and no longer forbidden. Even though nuts are fatty, they may help you shed weight, according to a number of studies

4. The longer babies are breastfed, the less likely they are to become overweight as they grow older. Breastfed babies are 15 to 25 percent less likely to become overweight. For those who are breastfed for six months or longer, the likelihood is 20 to 40 percent less.

5. Encourage physical activity. Children should have an hour of moderate physical activity most days of the week. More than an hour of activity may promote weight loss and subsequent maintenance.

Work Cited

"Obesity Action Coalition » What Is Obesity?" Obesity Action Coalition What Is Obesity Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 11 Dec. 2014. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.

"Fast Facts: Obesity and Health." : The State of Obesity. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Feb. 2015.