The Constitutional Period

By: DeDrion Short

Constitutional period

Virginia Plan

1.The Virginia Plan was created by James Madison Virginia, in 1787.


2.This was a proposal for a new form of government and called for the number of votes each state received in Congress to be based on population rather than each state receiving one vote.


3.The purpose was to protect the larger states interests in the new government, which would be stronger federally than under the Articles of Confederation.


4.People/states who supported the Virginia Plan were James Madison, George Washington, Edmund Randolph, and the states of Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia.


5.James Madison is known as the Father of the Constitution because he helped frame the Bill of Rights and much of the Constitution.


Bill of Rights

1.The first 10 amendments to the Constitution make up the Bill of Rights.


2.Written by James Madison responding to calls from several states for greater constitutional protection for individual liberties, the Bill of Rights lists specific prohibitions on governmental power.


3. Anti-Federalists held that a bill of rights was necessary to safeguard individual liberty.


4.One of the many points of contention between Federalists and Anti-Federalists was the Constitution’s lack of a bill of rights that would place specific limits on government power.

5.The Bill of Rights is a list of limits on government power.


Federalists

1.The Federalist Party was the first American political party.



2.Federalist advocated the importance of strong central government, and to promote economic development and public improvements.



3.Today these whose see a primary role of the federal government in solving national problems are heirs to the tradition.



4. Federal did not fight for the Bill of Rights.



5. They do not want any one fraction from gaining too much power.


3 Branches of Government

1. The 3 branches are the Executive, (President and about 5,000,000 workers) Legislative (Senate) and Judicial (Supreme Court). The President of the United States administers the Executive Branch. He enforces the laws that the Legislative Branch makes.



2.The President of the United States administers the Executive Branch of our government.


3.The Executive Branch is the branch that carries out the laws.


4.The Judicial Branch is the branch that evaluates the laws.


5.The Legislative Branch is the branch that makes the laws (senate).


Separation of Powers

1. The Separation of Powers were made by framers to prevent the majority from ruling with an iron fist.


2.The Framers didn't believe in giving one branch too much power of government they thought that everything should always be equal.


3.The Separation of Powers provided a system of shared powers known as the checks and balances.


4.The Separation of Power pretty much mad the 3 branches of government; Legislative, Executive, &Judicial branches.


5.Separation of Powers is key to the workings of American government, if this was not created most we wouldn't have many of the rights we have today.

Articles of Confederation

1.This were the first written constitution of the U.S.


2.In the Beginning of the American Revolution, congress had a feeling that they would a stronger union and a government powerful enough to keep them safe from Great Britain.


3.There were six different drafts of the articles before congress actually decided on the final version.


4.Ben Franklin wrote the and gave it congress in July 1775, but it was never actually considered.


5.When it was finalized the meeting was held in Philadelphia to close the history of government with the Articles of Confederation .

Editorials.

James Madison-James Madison, Jr. was an American political theorist, and the fourth President of the United States. He was known as the "Father of the Constitution" for being the writer of the U.S. Constitution and as the maker of the Bill of Rights.

George Washington-George Washington was an commander in chief of the continental army, and served two terms as the first president of the United States. He was raised in colonial Virginia. Washington was elected president of the convention that write the Constitution.

Thomas Jefferson-Thomas Jefferson was an American Founding Father, the writer of the Declaration of Independence, and also third President of the United States. His biggest thing was individual rights.