A Good Sports Coach

Roles, Responsibilities and Skills

Roles

Educator – a coach will need to understand how people learn by observing sessions. This will mean that a coach will be able to assess the participants skill levels and then base what they will be teaching the participants around this. Therefore the coaches session will be more of a success. If the coach educates them well then it means that they will learn more about the sport and would be more likely to play better in the lessons. An example of an educator in sport could be a teacher in a school. This would be due to the fact that they would be teaching the students the core skills needed. An example of this in football would be passing and receiving, this could keep them interested in sport if it is taught well and they enjoy it. An effective coach would be able to do this because they could develop a range of coaching to cater for a variety of learners.


Manager – a coach will have to prepare equipment, pick teams and arrange fixtures. If a coach is able to be a good manager then the participants will be able to have a better time if they have all the correct equipment and can play fixtures regularly. If a coach is a good manager they will be able to motivate their team and they would be more likely to have fun playing the sport. An example of this in sport would be Alex Ferguson, who was one of the most respected managers in football and led Manchester United to many successful titles. This shows that he was a good manager due to the fact that his tactics worked and he won games and players wanted to play for him.


Friend – as a friend the participants should be able to relate to the coach and also be able to share experiences. The coach will also be able to get to know their personality, this will help the coach because then the coach can get closer to the participants and this would mean they would open up more and enjoy the sport more. If the coach is a friend then they will be more likely to discuss problems with the coach and advance in the sport. A friend could be someone such as a coach in tennis, but instead of just teaching them the core skills for tennis, they also get to know the participants on a personal level because it is an individual sport. This would mean that they would be more confident in the sport that they are playing and could perform better because of the friendship between the participant and coach.


Trainer – a coach would have to have a good knowledge of fitness principles as this will mean that if the coach uses the correct principles, the participants will be less likely to be injured and therefore would be able to play the sport for longer and they would get the most out of the selected sport. if the coach was not a good trainer then it would mean that the participants would not enjoy the sport because of the coaches teaching and they could be put off from sport in the future. A trainer in the sport of basketball, would be someone who has an advanced level of knowledge and therefore can progress the team past the core skills and onto the more competitive part of the game. Also, they would be able to design a programme appropriate for athletes needs. They would be able to consider age, ability and experience.


Responsibilities

Relevant qualifications - a good coach would have to have the relevant qualifications in the selected sport to ensure the participants safety and to also make sure that they get the most out of their sport. An example of this would be in regards to the participant to safety, such as a good coach would have knowledge of all the relevant muscles and also how to stay safe during sport, whereas a bad coach without the qualification would not know this and therefore the risk of injuries would be increased. An example of this in football would be if the coach didn't have a coaching award such as a level 4 coaching award, they may not know the stretches. Then the participant might not do their stretches. They could get injured and put off from football because of the injury, whereas with a good coach and qualifications, this would be less likely to happen.


Duty of care - a good coach would ensure that the participants would not receive any neglect from the coach, the fans or the other players. The coach would make sure that the participants are looked after at all times, whereas a bad coach may not be as thorough, and the participants may come under harm. They could also come up against emotional abuse, such as in football if the parents on the side are saying abuse a participant could be put off from the game. A good coach would ensure this wouldn't happen by controlling the crowd. They would have to protect the participants generally, so they don't come under any harm or any abuse, which would lead to legal action, or it could also lead to the participant leaving the sport because they are unhappy and therefore a good coach would ensure nothing bad happens to the participants.


Insurance - Coaches should have appropriate insurance that covers both public liability and personal accidents. This would mean that if an accident occurred then the coach would not be personally responsible. If a coach did not have any insurance then it would mean that if an accident did occur and the coach doesn't have insurance then the coach is responsible and it would mean that legal action could be taken against them and therefore might have their right to coach taken away. An example of this could be if a player was seriously injured, then if they weren't insured, it would be the coaches fault. Another example would be that they have to be licensed to be able to transport the participants, and therefore it would be illegal for them to transport the participants, and all of this would show how a good coach would need insurance.


Professional conduct - Coaches should have professional conduct at all times because kids look up to them as role models, and therefore if the coach behaves badly, then it will mean that the kids might see this behavior as acceptable and therefore could start to behave like this also. An example of this would be during a football match, and if the coach begins to shout at the officials, then it might lead to the participants also beginning to question decisions made by the officials and therefore, this would mean they would be more likely to get booked or sent off for shouting at the referee and this would mean that they wouldn't enjoy the sport as much. On the other hand, if a coach respects the referees decisions, then it would mean that the participants would do the same and therefore this would be better for the players and also the referee who has volunteered to ref the match.

Skills

Organised - A coach would have to be organised due to the fact that if they are organised it would mean that the participants would learn more from the sessions if they used more equipment and had more time to train. Whereas an unorganised coach would not have the correct equipment or wouldn't be training very often because they do not have good organisation skills, and therefore they will take too long to get equipment and therefore the participants will have less time playing the sport and therefore would have less fun. A coach would also have to organise games, and if they are unorganised then it would be less likely that they would get games as often and therefore they could become uninterested in the sport, and stop playing it.


Time management - a good coach would need good time management, due to the fact that if they don't, then it will mean that the participants will have less time to do the sport due to the fact that the coach could be late to the lessons, and the participants wouldn't have much time to train and also it would mean that the coach may be taking out the equipment during the lesson, instead of getting the equipment out before the lesson. If they did this then it would mean that they would have all of the lesson to do the sport whereas if they didn't the students would have to wait for the equipment to be set up and therefore because they would be stood around waiting, they could become uninterested in the sport, and therefore may be put off for life. Also a coach would need to be good at juggling coaching with employment and family.


Analysing - a coach would have to have good analysis skills, to see who should play where and when. For example, if a player is not sure where they want to play, a good coach will observe them in training, and whatever the best part of their game is, for example attack or defense, they will try them out in that position in a game. Whereas a bad coach might just put them in a spot in the team which is free because they want to fill up gaps, this might lead to the player not playing well, and therefore might become discouraged and might stop playing the game. A good coach would also have to see who is playing well and cant have any favorites, a bad coach however may play someone who they prefer all the time, instead of rotating the squad so everyone gets a game and the other person who also plays in that position wont get a game and then they could get bored and leave the sport.

Comparing and contrasting the roles, responsibilities and skills of coaches in different sports

Both Arsene Wenger and Floyd Mayweather Sr. will have similarities and differences to the way that they coach their participants. Although they will all have similar roles, responsibilities and skills, they would be used very differently in different sports due to the fact that they are individual and team sports. One example of this would be that they would both be trainers, but they would see and use this role very differently. There would be a mixture of skill and fitness levels in football in one team, but they would all train together regardless as they are part of a team. This would be because Wenger would be responsible for improving cohesion within the team and therefore this would be the result if he made the team train together. He would also set individual drills for different areas such as defenders and attackers as this would improve their individual skill level to make them play better as a team. Where one player may lack in skill, there are others around him to help him keep playing as well as he can. Whereas a boxing coach, such as Floyd Mayweather Sr. would have to look at each participant individually because it is an individual sport and therefore because people would be fighting on their own, they would all have to have their individual training plan. One similarity between the two coaches would be that they would have all the same responsibilities. This would be because a coaches responsibility is to ensure the participants safety. The only difference would be that the football coach may have to do it with more people, but both coaches would have to have relevant qualifications, insurance and retain a professional conduct at all times to ensure the participants safety. On the other hand another difference would be how good a coach is at analysing. For a football coach, they would have to analyse each individual performer to see their strengths and areas for improvements. They would also have to assess how well the team are playing as a unit, and see what they can do better to improve the chemistry of the team. Whereas on the other hand, a boxing coach would only have to assess the strengths and areas for improvement for each individual performer because it is an individual sport and they don't need to work as a team. This would mean that each performer in boxing would have a much more detailed plan of what they should be doing as it is on an individual scale, whereas in football is is more about the team as a whole. When it comes to being an educator, Floyd Mayweather Sr. would have an easier job, as he would only have to look at each participant individually. Whereas Arsene Wenger would have to look at the performance of the team as a whole and individual players to see how people play with other players. This would mean that it would be harder for a football manager because they would have to look at a whole team instead of just one individual. When it comes to being a friend, a football coach would have a harder job as they cannot focus on one player to become a friend with at one time because they need to focus on the team at all times. Whereas in boxing, each participant has different needs and therefore it would be easier to become friends with them because the coach is working closely with one performer and they have their full attention. Finally, to be a good trainer, both coaches would need to know the fitness principles, but it would be easier for a coach such as Floyd Mayweather Sr. because they would only need to train one person at a time and cater to their specific individual needs. On the other hand, a football coach such as Arsene Wenger would need to look at each participants skill level, and then run specific training schedules for that person, but they would have to focus it around the team so they have lots of time to play together as a team. Laws would also have the job of picking the best team possible based on skill level. He would be able to gauge their skill from the training sessions that he would run. A coach will have to prepare equipment, pick teams and arrange fixtures. If a coach is able to be a good manager then the participants will be able to have a better time if they have all the correct equipment and can play fixtures regularly. If a coach is a good manager they will be able to motivate their team and they would be more likely to have fun playing the sport. Mayweather Sr. would be a good coach by supporting Mayweather Jr. and keeping his training constant so that he stays in the best shape of his life and also organise him regular fights so that he is always ready as if he doesn't have fights then he would be less used to it and therefore would be less likely to win. Arsene Wenger would be a good manager by creating good cohesion within the team and also picking the best team on match day to make sure that they play well together and then they would be more likely to win. In conclusion, both of these coaches have similar roles, responsibilities and skills, but they would present them in a very contrasting ways due to the significant difference in individual and team sports. The two coaches that i have focused on would be role models in their sport as others would want to be able to achieve what these two coaches have achieved with their athletes.