The Federation of Australia
What it was like in 1880's
reasons for federation
establishing the Australian Constitution
keys figures and their role in the lead up to federation
Henry Parkes was born in Warwickshire England on May 27,1815. He had little schooling. Parkes arrived in Sydney in 1839 as an immigrant and worked as a farmhand before becoming involved in business. He became the head of the Empire newspaper which became the workingman's voice. Parkes campaigned for a parliament seat and he spoke strongly about establishing national policies on defense, immigration and customs duties.
Alfred Deakin was born in Melbourne, August 3rd, 1856, and died October 7th, 1919. He was an Australian politician, and a leader for Australian Federation. He was the second Prime Minister of Australia.
On 9th of May 1901, celebrations took place in Sydney, and were repeated in Melbourne, where the first Commonwealth Parliament would sit. Its 75 house of representations, and 36 senators, pledged an oath of allegiance. These celebrations were the start of many to come as Australia became a new nation.