Phonics in Ms. Baehler's Class
How I teach phonics to my second graders
What is Phonics?
Picture retrieved from: http://www.phonictalk.com/phonics_what.php
Why Teach Phonics?
Picture retrieved from: http://www.phonictalk.com/phonics_why.php
Ways I Teach Phonics in my Classroom
The Elkonin Box Technique
Here is a picture of how I do this in my classroom on the Smartboard. I call on a student, they come up, the class slowly pronounces each sound they hear in the word, while the student pushes the markers in the boxes for each sound. Once all the sounds are represented (or mapped out), we write the sound we hear over each chip. We then blend the sounds together. We call this "Tap it, Map it, Graph it" in my classroom.
Each week the students are given copies of two passages containing words following the spelling patterns we are learning. On day 1, I introduce the first passage. I read it to them sentence by sentence. After reading each sentence, I pause and ask the students if they recognize any words that follow our spelling pattern. I call on students to tell me. Once we determine they follow our spelling pattern, students highlight it on their copies. On day 2, I read the passage, pausing after each sentence to have the students read it back to me from their highlighted passage from yesterday. On day 3, it starts again with a new passage. Below is a picture of a decodable passage I use.
We talk about what our spelling words mean each day. A screen shot of my Smart Notebook for phonics is shown below. The students have to click and drag the word to the correct definition. Then they have to use it correctly in a sentence. The words are from our weekly spelling lists/patterns.
What Am I Doing Well Right Now?
- Making connections with the spelling pattern in other activities, not just during phonics time.
- Informing parents of ways they can work on the phonics pattern at home. Below is the document I send home on the back of my newsletters every week.
Below is a list of activities your child can do at home to practice the pattern or rule we will learn each week in spelling. Remember the goal is for the student to learn the pattern/rule rather than memorize the spelling list. By learning the rules and patterns the students will be able to apply this knowledge to reading (decoding unfamiliar words) and to their daily writing. Thank you for your continued support in your child’s education.
Spelling Skill Practice
1. Scavenger Hunt – Highlight words in a passage that show the pattern/rule of the week.
2. Friendly Words – Write words that share a pattern/rule and letter. Scrabble style. See how many you can connect.
3. Pattern Detector – Using what you are taught at school, put on your detective hat and find the pattern/ rule you have learned.
Example: (have, gave, move) each end with v and require a silent e. (hanging, sang, stung) each have -ng which can occur at the end of the word or end of a syllable
4. Silly Skill – Write your words and write the letters that fit the pattern/rule in silly letters.
Example (-dge and –ge endings)– Examples: stage, ridge
5. Skill Master – Find two words that are not on the list that meet the pattern/rule for the week. Students can look in their daily reading books, cereal boxes, street signs, magazines, newspapers, anywhere there is print.
6. Spelling City – www.spellingcity.com At the top you need to click on the “Find A List” tab, then in the advanced search box enter “Harvestridge” search by “Username”. Click the search button and our list will pop up.
7. The Educator – Teach your family the pattern/rule for the week and how it works.
8. Syllable Slasher – Clap the syllables in each spelling word. Then draw a slash mark to divide the word into syllables.
What Would I Like to Improve on?
- Even though I think I am doing well with referencing the spelling pattern in other areas, I think there is still room for improvement. I would like to incorporate the spelling pattern we are learning in more areas. I really want to focus on it more in guided reading groups.
- This will be difficult, because there is so much to do and so little time in our days, but I would like to try and work on interventions for students who do not master the spelling pattern for the week.
Phonic Talk :: Understanding Phonics and Its Importance. (n.d.). Retrieved September 26, 2015, from http://www.phonictalk.com/index.php
Sousa, D. (2014). How the Brain Learns to Read. (2nd Ed). Corwin: CA.