Macbeth Annotations

By: Emma Jacobs

HOW TO: Annotate

Quote: (Choose 1 significant Quote from the scene)


Explanation: (Explain the quote and its significance in your own words)


Summary: (Summarize what happens in this scene)


Prediction: (Predict what you think will happen next)

Act 1, Scene 1

"Fair is foul, and foul is fair" (paradox)

^^^This means that the bad is good and the good is bad.


During this scene, 3 witches enter and talk about how they will meet again when the battle is over and that will be when they meet Macbeth. Their spirit friends call them and they leave.


I think the noise of battle will be over and they will meet Macbeth.

Act 1, Scene 2

"For brave Macbeth—well he deserves that name—

Disdaining fortune, with his brandished steel,

Which smoked with bloody execution,

Like valor’s minion carved out his passage

Till he faced the slave;

Which ne'er shook hands, nor bade farewell to him,

Till he unseamed him from the nave to th' chops,

And fixed his head upon our battlements."

^^^ The Captain is saying that Macbeth has earned his name. Before this man could shake his hand Macbeth executed him and hug his head on their castle walls.


"What he hath lost, noble Macbeth hath won." (Dramatic Irony)


During this scene, the King and his sons meet with the Captain and he tells them of this man whose name is Macbeth and he also tells them how the war went. The Captain talks about how as soon as they sent the Irish soldiers running, the people saw that a fresh start to attack them back with fresh weapons and new troops. The King asked if this frightened Macbeth and Banquo but he said that it didn't at all.. Ross tells them that Macbeth fought off the Norwegian King and now he wants a treaty.


I think the King will want to meet Macbeth.

Act 1, Scene 3

"All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!"

^^^The witches are telling his future.


During this scene, the witches come back now that the war is over. Macbeth and Banquo see them and ask if they are real. When Macbeth asks about why they say these things of him being the King, they disappear. The King sends Ross and Angus to tell Macbeth how proud he is of him and that there is a reward for him. Macbeth thinks that he might have to murder King Duncan. He tells Banquo that once they think about things, they need to talk. Then they all leave to go see the King.


The King will give him a reward.


**(not being able to sleep is meaning they are feeling guilt or corruption)


"Lesser than Macbeth and greater." "Not so happy, yet much happier." -Paradox


Robes mean Kingship and Honor


"And oftentimes, to win us to our harm,

The instruments of darkness tell us truths,

Win us with honest trifles, to betray ’s

In deepest consequence."

^This is meaning that the witches are telling the truth but leading them into evil. (foreshadowing to killing the king)

Act 1, Scene 4

"Nothing in his life

Became him like the leaving it. He died

As one that had been studied in his death

To throw away the dearest thing he owed

As ’twere a careless trifle."

^^^^He didn't do anything in his life that looked as good as the way he died. He did this like someone who had practiced how to toss away his most cherished possession as if it were a worthless a piece of garbage.


Before they executed Cawdor he exposed his treasons, begged for the King's forgiveness, and repented. They said he died worthless. Duncan said he trusted Cawdor completely but to never trust someone by their face. Duncan thanks Macbeth for killing him and says that he owes him. Macbeth says "The opportunity to serve you is its own reward." Duncan says that Banquo also deserves good. Macbeth says Malcolm is in his way to become King now that he is a prince. Macbeth says again "Stars, hide your light so no one can see the terrible desires within me." This shows that he feels bad for his thoughts.


Something bad is going to happen.

Act 1, Scene 5


"Yet do I fear thy nature;

It is too full o' th' milk of human kindness

To catch the nearest way: thou wouldst be great,

Art not without ambition, but without

The illness should attend it."

^^This means that it is meant for Macbeth to be King but she thinks that Macbeth is too nice and won't be able to do whatever it takes to get the crown.



"Come, you spirits

That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,

And fill me from the crown to the toe top-full

Of direst cruelty. Make thick my blood."

^^This quote means that she wished she was a man and this represents the theme of masculinity.


"O, never

Shall sun that morrow see!"

^^ Foreshadowing to the King dying.


Lady Macbeth says that she is worried about how Macbeth is going to gain the crown because of how nice he is. She also says that the witches said he was going to be King so it must be. The servant tells Lady Macbeth that the King is coming to their house. Macbeth sent a messenger to tell her about them coming but she is frightened the house won't be prepared in time. Is Lady Macbeth going to kill King Duncan?? She is making a plan... They are both feeling that they are going to kill him while he stays at their house.


They will kill the King.

Act 1, Scene 6

"This castle hath a pleasant seat. The air

Nimbly and sweetly recommends itself

Unto our gentle senses."

^^ This represents irony because they are going to kill him.


"All our service,

In every point twice done and then done double,

Were poor and single business to contend

Against those honors deep and broad wherewith

Your majesty loads our house."

^^^She is meaning that everything that they are doing for the King, even if it were doubled and then doubled again, it would be nothing compared to the honor he has brought to their family.


They invite him into their new castle he gave them. Duncan asks where Macbeth is because they followed him their but they haven't seen him.. They fight over whose servant is who and blah blah blah.


I still feel they are going to kill the King. Or either fail to do so.

Act 1, Scene 7

"Does unmake you. I have given suck, and know

How tender ’tis to love the babe that milks me.

I would, while it was smiling in my face,

Have plucked my nipple from his boneless gums

And dashed the brains out, had I so sworn as you

Have done to this."

^^She would kill her baby for him to be King.


"If it were done when ’tis done, then ’twere well

It were done quickly."

^^^He is saying that if the business would be finished once he did the deed, that the would need to do it quickly or their would be consequences.


"False face must hide what the false heart doth know."

^^^ Look innocent to what you're about to do


Macbeth said he would put his soul and afterlife at rick to become King. The King trusts him with his whole heart but would Macbeth be too kindhearted to do it. He says he can't go on with it because the King has just honored him. Lady Macbeth pretty much calls him stupid because he is backing out of it. He says he wouldn't be a man if he did it. He is nervous about it and she just wants to get it done.. She thinks he is a scaredy cat. She says they can blame it on the drunken servants. Macbeth says that she is too masculine too have a girl child so he says she should only give birth to boys. She says that they would grieve loudly when it was all done and no one will think they did it. Macbeth says that he has now decided HE WILL do it.


He will chicken out.

Act 2, Scene 1

"I’m tired and feeling heavy, but I can’t sleep. Merciful powers, keep away the nightmares that plague me when I rest!"

^^^ This is showing that Banquo has done something wrong because he can't sleep.


Macbeth tells Banquo that if he sticks with him (to kill the King) something will be in it for him. He sees an apparition of a dagger which foreshadows the murder he is about to commit. The he says the more he stands their and talks to himself, the smaller his courage gets. The bell rings and he says to himself for Duncan not to hear it because it summons him to either heaven or hell..


He will kill the King and gain the crown.

Act 2, Scene 2

"Do mock their charge with snores. I have drugged their possets,

That death and nature do contend about them,

Whether they live or die."

^^^^Lady Macbeth has drugged up the guards and she thinks that it's ironic that the guards are drunk while her husband is killing the King. They should be protecting him.


Macbeth has "done the deed." He is overthinking the situation but his wife tells him to stop because if they think about it too much it will drive them crazy. Now that Macbeth has murdered Duncan in his sleep, Macbeth will sleep no more. Remember sleep meaning a feeling of guilt or someone has done something wrong. She calls him a coward for not taking the daggers back to the room so she does it herself. Macbeth feels so guilty that he is nervous of every noise he hears. Lady Macbeth says to him that her hands are as red as his meaning that she is as guilty as him but that she would be ashamed if her heart was as weak and pale as his.


Maybe someone will figure out Macbeth killed King Duncan.

Act 2, Scene 3

"It provokes the desire, but it takes away the performance."

^^^ #truuuu Drinking does do that to a person.


"The night has been unruly. Where we lay,

Our chimneys were blown down and, as they say,

Lamentings heard i' th' air, strange screams of death,

And prophesying with accents terrible

Of dire combustion and confused events

New hatched to the woeful time. The obscure bird

Clamored the livelong night. Some say the Earth

Was feverous and did shake."

^^^ In this Drama the weather predicts what the people do.. Like if someone did something awful, the Earth or the weather would reflect it. Since Macbeth killed the King, the weather did some wretched things that night.


Macduff and Porter talk about what drinking does to you. Macbeth brings Macduff to the King to wake him up.. (Ironic) He figures out the King is dead. Macbeth and his wife act surprised. They blame the guards. They all talk about the murder and decide to get out of there quickly.


They will find out who really murdered Duncan.

Act 2, Scene 4

"Ha, good father, Thou seest the heavens, as troubled with man’s act"

^^^ The weather is reflecting mankind. (Macbeth killing Duncan)


They talk about the weather and how the horses ate each other.. Macbeth has apparently killed the guards or servants that "killed" Duncan. The King's sons are suspects for paying the guards to kill their father since the ran away with the horses. Duncan's body is put in a tomb with all of his ancestors and Macbeth has been named King.


Something bad is going to happen..

Act 3, Scene 1

"Our fears in Banquo

Stick deep, and in his royalty of nature"

^^This talks about how Macbeth is only afraid of Banquo because of how wise and intelligent he is.


Macbeth enters as King and Banquo talks about since everything came true with him, he hopes that the witches fortunes about himself and his sons will come true as well. Macbeth talks about how the King's sons have fled because they've been accused of killing their own father. Macbeth steps aside and gets really nervous that he only killed Duncan for the benefit of Banquo and his sons because no one of his own will take the crown away from him and the witched said that Banquo's sons would be Kings. Macbeth says that as long as Banquo is alive, he is sick and that he will only be healthy when he is dead. He talks to the murderers and convinces him that Banquo is the enemy and even he hates him. He tells them to murder Banquo and his son because he can't to it since they are friends and have friends in common. They agree to do it tonight.


They will kill Banquo.

Act 3, Scene 2

"'Tis safer to be that which we destroy

Than by destruction dwell in doubtful joy."

^^^It’s better to be the person who gets murdered than to be the killer and be tormented with anxiety.


Macbeth gets upset because he can't sleep. He said he would rather be dead than to endure not being able to rest and go through this anxiety. He tells his wife that at dinner, she needs to talk to Banquo in a way that will make him feel important. She doesn't know about his plans right now.


Something will change his plans maybe?

Act 3, Scene 3

"Who did strike out the light?"

^^ I feel like this is a symbol for them killing Banquo.


The murderers attack Banquo and kill him but Fleance escapes.


Macbeth will be upset because they didn't kill his son.

Act 3, Scene 4

"There the grown serpent lies. The worm that’s fled"

^^^This means that Banquo is dead and Fleance has escaped. I think this is ironic because I don't feel they have done anything wrong. Why would Macbeth feel such hatred in his heart to have someone kill them?


He tells Macbeth that Fleance escaped and he gets scared again. The ghost of Banquo sits at Macbeth's seat during dinner. He gets scared and asks the people who did this and the ghost shakes his head to him showing that he did it. Lady M calls him a wuss and questions his masculinity. He keeps seeing the ghost and he is having outbursts so Lady M tells their guests not worry and that this happens all the time. She is feeling embarrassed. Macbeth backs her up and assures them and he is a brave and noble man. She tells everyone to leave. He says he is going to meet with the witches in the morning.


The witches will tell him something he doesn't want to know.

Act 3, Scene 5

"Hath been but for a wayward son,

Spiteful and wrathful, who, as others do,

Loves for his own ends, not for you."

^^^She says that he is spoiled and doesn't deserve what they have given him. He doesn't care about them and that he only cares for himself.


The three witches meet with Hecate and she asks them why they told Macbeth his future without asking her first. She tells them that he will be coming to know more and that she is about to fly away for the night and work up something terrible.


They will tell him more about his future.

Act 3, Scene 6

"Only I say things have been strangely borne."

^^ Lennox thinks that Macbeth is of a strange nature and he is assuming something is wrong.


Lennox talks with one of the Lords about Macbeth. He thinks Fleance killed his own father. He asked why hasn't Macbeth killed the servants that killed Duncan. And how that wasn't loyal. Macbeth heard about how Macduff went to England and now he is preparing for war.


Will Macbeth have someone else killed as well..?