HIV Virus

By: Elijah Pape

HIV or Aids

HIV stands for "the immunodeficiency virus", and Aids stands for "acquired immune deficiency virus. Both can be spread, they start with the lysogenic cycle and end with lytic cycle. You can be asymptomatic once tested positive for HIV, but stay healthy and no symptoms shown.

Symptoms for HIV

Some symptoms would include: fever, chill, rash, night sweats, muscle aches, sore throat, fatigue, swollen lymph nodes, mouth ulcers, low white blood cell count.

Causes for HIV

Unprotected sex, sharing needles, blood to blood contact, blood transfusion from x someone infected.

Immune Cells Involved in Immune Response

All cells are involved, but really what stops it is CCR5- delta32. It's a mutation in the gene, that allows the cell to stop HIV from entering. It results in a smaller protein on the outside of the cell that is no longer on the outside of the cell.

How HIV Virus Replicates

HIV goes through the lysogenic cycle, and finishes with lytic cycle. First the virus injects the genetic material into the cell, then the cell doesn't create other copies of the virus but actually keeps the genetic material and stores it. So when the cell goes through mitosis, it creates more copies of the genetic material. Once the cell goes through mitosis, it takes the lytic cycle.

First, the genetic material starts to tell the cell to make more virus parts in the ribosome. Then, the parts start to assemble together and forms start to take shape. Finally once all parts are made and the new genetic material has entered all the little viruses, the cell rips apart and the viruses pour out and seek new cells to infect.

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Treatment for HIV

There is no real treatment, but there are many things that help stop other symptoms. There are many different antivirals that can control the virus, but there is no cure. Get tested and treated for STD's.

Prevention of HIV

Don't have sex with someone that is infected with HIV, and don't share needles.

Microphotograph of HIV

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