Sigmund Freud

By: Callie Farrand and Faith Casel

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Background

  • Born in Frieberg, Moravia in 1856
  • Jewish and was annexed to England during the Nazi era
  • Was married; had 6 children
  • Became a doctor Vienna General Hospital
  • Eventually owned his own practice

Theory: Id, Ego, and Superego

According to Sigmund Freud, personality is split into three elements known as the id, ego, and superego.

ID-

  • this personality is unconscious
  • driven by pleasure principle
  • source of psychic energy

EGO-

  • responsible for dealing with reality
  • develops from the id
  • functional in the conscious, pre-conscious, and unconscious mind
  • works to satisfy the id's desires in a realistic way

SUPEREGO-

  • holds onto internal moral standards(sense of right and wrong)
  • provides guidelines for making judgments
  • 2 parts of superego: ego ideal and the conscience
  • works to civilize behavior

How the Id, Ego, and Superego impact child development

Id:

  • present from birth
  • young children are usually driven by the pleasure/ instant gratification principles

Ego:

  • starting around age 3
  • they start to learn when being impulsive or selfish can hurt us

Superego:

  • starting around age 5
  • they start to learn morals

Examples

  1. Let's say that you're on a diet, and you are going out to eat with friends. You have to decide between ordering a bacon cheddar burger, which sounds really good, or sticking to your diet and ordering a salad.
  • Id: your urge to order the bacon cheddar burger
  • Superego: sticking with your diet and ordering the salad
  • Ego: you order something that isn't as unhealthy as the burger but not as healthy as the salad

2. Let's say that you have a test tomorrow in one of your classes. You really need to study but your favorite show, The Bachelor, is on tonight.

  • Id: you decide to forget about studying and watch The Bachelor instead
  • Superego: spending the night studying for your test
  • Ego: record The Bachelor, study tonight, and watch it another time

3. Timmy was coloring in a coloring book when his friend, Miguel, took the marker away from him.

  • Id: yell at Miguel and say "give that back you meanie!!"
  • Superego: ignores it and finds another marker to color with
  • Ego: kindly asks Miguel for his marker back

Video

This video demonstrates how the id, ego, and superego come into play in a real life situation.
Psychology Final - Id, Ego, Superego

Interesting Facts

  • his death may have been a physician-assisted suicide
  • his chain-smoking led to more than 30 cancer surgeries
  • the Nazis burned his books and drove him from Austria
  • four of his sisters died in Nazi concentration camps

Works Cited

"10 Things You May Not Know About Sigmund Freud." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 23 Sept. 2014. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.

Cherry, Kendra. "Id, Ego, and Superego: Freud's 3 Parts of Personality." N.p., n.d. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.

"Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy." Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.

"Who’s Afraid of Sigmund Freud?" Public Seminar RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 Mar. 2015.