Chlamydia

By Eric Lam in 7A1 (Includes Disturbing Content, Be Advised)

What Is Chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a STI that can be gained by having unprotected vaginal sex, anal sex or oral sex (mouth to penis or vagina). Chlamydia is caused by bacteria. In women, it affects the cervix and womb. In men, it affects the urethra and testicles. The infection can also be spread elsewhere (explained later).
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What Are The Symptoms Of Chlamydia?

Chlamydia doesn't always show symptoms, in fact, 70% of women and 50% of men don't show symptoms however you can still spread it. The symptoms for women are:


-Increased vaginal discharge

-Vaginal itching

-Bleeding between periods

-Bleeding during or after sex

-Pain in your lower abdomen

-Burning feeling when you pee


The symptoms for men are:

-A watery discharge coming from your penis

-Burning or itching feeling around the tip of your penis

-Needing to pee a lot

-Burning feeling when you pee

-Pain your testicles


You can get tested, for women, the test involves a cotton swab that takes a sample of the cervix and for men, the cotton swab will take a sample from the urethra or they will take a urine sample.

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Medication And Cause

If it hasn't been clear enough, the disease is contracted by having unprotected vaginal sex, anal sex or oral sex, 70% of women and 50% of men don't show symptoms but you should still get tested every time you have sex.


Chlamydia is treated by specific antibiotics that is prescribed by your doctor, depending on the antibiotics, you shouldn't have sex for 7 days after taking 1 dose of the medicine (most common is azithromycin) or finishing a 7-day course of antibiotics (most common is doxycycline). You shouldn't have sex for 7 days or longer if your partner hasn't been treated yet and/or until you have no more symptoms (if you have any) but if you missed any medication or didn't take them properly, you should get tested because Chlamydia will only be cured from the medication if you take it exactly as directed. 95 out of 100 cases will be cured from the azithromycin and doxycycline but dont worry, if you can take those 2 medications, there are still different ones. With every medicine, comes side affects, there are 3 categories, you should call 911 or any emergency medical services if you have:

-Trouble breathing

-Swelling of throat, face, tongue or lips


You should call your doctor if you have:

-Hives

-Irregular or slow heartbeat

-Severe belly pain or cramps

-Unusual tiredness or weakness

-Fever

-Sudden pain or swelling around your legs, shoulders or hands


Common side-affects are:

-Nausea or vomiting

-Diarrhea

-Belly pain or cramps

-Vaginal itching or discharge

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