Causes of the American Revolution

The fight begins!

Mercantilism

All of the trade and sell of goods produced in the colonies was controlled by England, the mother country. The colonies did not have control over where the goods were sold or how much they were sold for. England also controlled what goods were shipped to the colonies and how much they were sold for. This angered the colonists because they were not able to benefit from their hard work producing those goods.

The Stamp Act

The stamp act was the first direct British tax on the American colonies and was established in 1765. Every publication and document required that it had the British seal on it. The colonists did not believe this was fair and that they were having to pay taxes for the French and Indian war that they were not benefiting from. This lead to the forming of the Stamp Act Congress and the Stamp Act was repealed in 1766.

The Boston Massacre

The Boston Massacre occurred on March 5, 1770. The British soldiers that were guarding the Boston Customs House fired on the colonists and five were killed. No one knows exactly how it started but both sides blamed each other. The American Colonists were growing tired of the British control and this incident further angered them.

Taxation Without Representation

Many taxes had been levied on the American Colonies but they had no representation in the British parliament. According the the English Bill of Rights every English citizen had the right to have representation but this was not true for the colonists. Since the colonists had no representation they did not feel this was fair. They felt that they should have the right to govern themselves and decide on how taxes were levied in the colonies.
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Political Cartoon

This cartoon shows how the colonies were serving England. The colonies were like servants to the mother country and not benefiting themselves.
The Causes of the American Revolutionary War

Video Questions

1. What did The Proclamation Act stop?


2. What did the English tax ?


3. What act closed the port of Boston until colonist paid for the destroyed tea?

Boston Massacre Questions

1. Who was the captain of the British soldiers involved in the massacre?


2. What was the name of the black sailor that was killed?


3. What were the names of the attorneys that defended the British in the trial?