WANTED:GOLD-DEAD OR ALIVE: $100,000

By: Mike Toohey

GOLD IS WANTED FOR BREAKING AND ENTERING INTO OTHER METAL'S ORES

Gold, typically found in a silver or copper alloy, is one of the rarest metals known to man, which amounts to its high bounty. Gold, also goes by the alias Aurum, which is Latin for shining dawn, can most often be found in South Africa, where 600 mt. are mined every year. Other than South Africa, gold can be found in Nevada, United States of America, where nearly 300 mt. are mined every year. Gold is a shiny, yellow, metallic color. Its atomic mass is 196.966569. Gold is a metal, and a solid at room temperature. Gold has 118 neutrons, 79 protons, and 79 electrons. Gold's first arresting officer, James W. Marshall, found gold by accident. He was observing the construction of a windmill in Coloma, California, when he saw something shiny in the water. That "something" was gold. On the periodic table of elements, gold is located in the precious metals group. It is found in the transition metals family. Gold is located in the Earth's crust and purified in oceans. Gold is very rare, however, so it will not be easily found. Gold, as stated before, typically found in a silver or copper alloy in their ores. Gold is unaffected by air, water, alkalis and all acids except aqua regia(a mixture of hydrochloric acid and nitric acid) which can dissolve gold. Gold does react with halogens. It will, for example, react very slowly with chlorine gas at room temperature to form gold chloride. (I couldn't find a picture). At room temperature, gold is unstable, but has a neutral charge.
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Jewelry

Gold has been used in jewelry since approximately 1800 BCE. Its first discovery was in an Egyptian pharaoh's tomb, dating to about 1800 BCE. Gold's high value and rarity made it very profitable among the upper class and the wealthy.
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Currency

After its main use in jewelry, many realized that gold had the capability to be a massively profitable currency. Gold as currency is one of the main reasons for the European exploration of the new world, as well.