perigee

noun

definition:

The point in its orbit when a planet or a satellite (usually the moon) is nearest the earth.
synonyms: path, pattern, rotation

antonyms: apogee, circle, course, lap

sentences:

1. The moon seems slightly larger during its perigee and smaller during its apogee.

2. The moon is closer to us during its perigee.

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Supermoon July 12, 2014 HD Video from Okanagan - 'perigee moon' rises - YouTube