Indus Civilization

The People

  • Life was centered around family
  • Wanted extended families living under the same roof
  • Patriarchal
  • Males were in charge
  • Children are considered important part of marriage
  • Suttee- tradition of putting dead men on pyres and having wife jump into flames
  • Lived near the Indus river and used floodplains to grow crops in silt
  • Came in 3000 B.C.
  • Ended in 1500 B.C.
  • Traded with Sumerians
  • Caste System determined social class (you were what your parents were)

Climate

  • Monsoons
  • Wind Patterns Reverse from October through February
  • Rain is greatly depended on
  • Need monsoon rains at specific times or crops and people starve

Writing

The Indus had a very complex system of writing. This system was so complex that we still haven't been able to decipher their texts.

Religions and Language

  • Hinduism
  • believed in reincarnation
  • Karma is real and ruled by dharma
  • Yoga used to achieve openness with gods
  • Shiva and Rudra are example s of gods
  • Many different dialects of language
  • Early writings are indecipherable
  • 1000 bc started writing in Sanskrit

Technology

  • The Indus had planned cities
  • Plumbing was found in many cities
  • This consisted of a hole with running water underneath to wash away feces
  • Iron plows used for farming
  • First to create a measurement system

Violence

It is believed that the people were peaceful and never engaged in war.

Government

  • municipal
  • power held by trade and religion

Fall/Decline

The Indus mysteriously disappeared without a trace. Nobody knows what happened to cause this mystery.