☠ Alcohol ☠

☯ By Maddy LaPensée & Becky Healy ☯

-What Is Alcohol?-

Description

Alcohol is a liquid drug that slows down parts of your brain. It is easier to take on a full stomach and has more of an effect on the body if the drinker is hungry.

What Type Of Drug Is It?

Alcohol is classified as a depressant because it slows down the central nervous system which causes a decline in coordination, reaction time, and intellectual performance.

-EFFECTS ON YOUR BODY-

Short Term Effects

  • Slows down vital functions

  • Disturbed perceptions

  • Slurred Speaking

  • Loose coordination and control

  • Inability to react quickly

  • Unsteady movement

  • Vomiting

  • Drowsiness

  • Upset Stomach

  • Blackouts

  • Coma

  • Hard time breathing

  • Headaches

  • Unconsciousness

  • Loss of red blood cells (anemia)

Long Term Effects

  • Alcohol Poisoning

  • Brain and nerve damage

  • High blood pressure

  • Strokes

  • Liver disease

  • Diseases of the stomach, digestive system, and pancreas

  • Breast cancer

  • Throat cancer

  • Low sex hormone levels

  • Damage to fetus (if pregnant)

  • Ulcers

  • Vitamin B1 deficiency

  • Sexual Problems

-Drug Availability-

How Is It Used?

Alcohol is drunk. It is absorbed into the bloodstream via small blood vessels in the stomach and small intestine. It eventually reaches the brain, heart, muscles and other tissues.

What Is the legal status on this drug?

  • It is legal
  • In Ontario, the legal age is 19

What are the social factors that may influence substance use?

  • Social Media

  • Peer Pressure
  • So Easily Accessible

-Statistics-

Numbers

  • Nearly 88,0009 people (approximately 62,000 men and 26,000 women) die from alcohol-related causes annually, making it the third leading preventable cause of death in the United States

  • Almost 80% of high school students have tried alcohol
  • 83% of grade 12 Ontario students admit to using alcohol
  • In 2002, alcohol accounted for more than $14.6 billion in costs (that’s $463 per person) and represented 36% of the total costs of substance abuse. – MADD Canada
  • 40% of violent crimes occur under the influence of alcohol
  • It is 7.5 times more likely for teens who drink to experiment with other illegal drugs

Alcohol Percentages

Beer 2–6% alcohol

Cider 4–8% alcohol

Wine 8–20% alcohol

Tequila 40% alcohol

Rum 40% or more alcohol

Brandy 40% or more alcohol

Gin 40–47% alcohol

Whiskey 40–50% alcohol

Vodka 40–50% alcohol

Liqueurs 15–60% alcohol


-Webliography-