Charles Darwin's 4 postulates
Who is Charles Darwin?
Charles Darwin (1809-1882) is currently one of the most influential human beings in history due to the global influence caused by his research conducted back in the 19th century. His popularity began to grow when biologists and scientists discovered and made public his prosperity and success on the HMS beagle voyage. Over the 5 year trip, Darwin came to find a variety of natural specimens like fossils, plants and different species on birds which helped his formulate his theory on evolution. Along with Richard Owen, Charles Darwin wrote his findings in his personal journal which later was bought and published as a section of the famous book "Zoology of the Voyage of the Beagle". This voyage clearly had a colossal impact on Darwin's view to natural history. The two hundred year old biologist conducted a revolutionary theory about the origin on living things which was later on (1930-Present) derived and improved to what we study today.
A good example for the previous statement is how an organism learns something that their parents did out of simple nature. Their nurture learnings on the other hand will later on be passed on to their kids, dogs for instance.
Inheritance is the biological process to which an offspring looks and acts like their parents and brothers.
Charles Darwin was contemptuous to those people who believed that extinction was caused by great catastrophes, Darwin believed that extinction of species was caused by the misguidance and failure of species competition with another species. He argues that extinction was caused by biological effects rather than physical effects.