Country Profile

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Ethiopia is officially known as the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. It is a country located in the Horn of Africa. Surrounding countries include Eritrea towards the north, Djibouti and Somalia to the east, Sudan and South Sudan to the west, and Kenya to the south. Ethiopia is the second-most populated nation on the African continent with over 91,000,000 people. It has a total area of 1,100,000 square kilometres. Its capital city is Addis Ababa.


Population: 91,195,675

Life expectancy at birth m/f (years)53/56

Probability of dying under five (per 1 000 live births)77

Probability of dying between 15 and 60 years m/f (per 1 000 population)445/379

Total expenditure on health per capita (Intl $, 2010)51

Total expenditure on health as % of GDP (2010)4.9