Effective Reading & Writing Inst.
Kelley Regan and Sheri Berkeley
Presenter: Amber Best-Thibault Section C Thursday 11, 2016
A Focus on Modeling
1. Did I model when to use the strategy and why?
2. Did I explicitly model how to use all of the strategy steps?
3. Did I model how to be flexible in strategy selection and application?
Be Specific, Be Explicit, and Be Flexible
The strategy needs to be expressed clearly and each step needs to be modeled. As a teacher you cannot expect the students to just know what they need to do. Each step needs to be drawn out for them. The teacher needs to show them every detail and every expectation of how to succeed in the task.
The students need to know that there are multiple strategies when it comes to getting an outcome. The students need to know how to choose the correct strategy for different situations. The process of choosing the right strategy needs to be modeled for the students so they know what to do when it is their turn to do it on their own.
Modeling is an Easy Step to Successful Instruction!
Modeling Each Step Is Crucial to All Instruction
- Accurate Modeling
- Guided practice
- Self reinforcement
- Teacher Reinforcement
- Independent Practice
Why is this important?
How Can I Use Modeling in the Classroom?
With my focus in special education I think modeling is important as well for students with LD and other disabilities. Within this article it mentioned how modeling is beneficial for all students including LD students. This I believe is true. Students with LD may struggle with reading and writing, but with modeling it shows them and provides them with steps to break it down. Also for students with ADHD or other disabilities that effect their attention span, hands on activities keep them focused and they may retain the information easier.
This article also states the importance of self-statements, referred to as "strategy implementation". This was shown as the teacher complimenting themselves and modeling how to give positive personal feedback. In my opinion, as a teacher I would prefer to model how to give each other feedback. This can done with revising or group share. This is important to create a positive classroom environment. Being able to reinforce yourself is important, but I believe this will come once the modeling has been done properly and the "lightbulb lights up".
There are strategies and tools available to make modeling differentiated for each lesson. There are 3 examples below:
This chart can be used to describe character traits of characters in a story, vocabulary words, climax, and main idea of a story. With proper modeling, the students can use this chart for multiple situations in reading and writing.
This chart can be used to assist students to summarize any story they are reading. With modeling they will eventually naturally go through the steps and will not need the chart to summarize on their own.
This sheet cannot fit the writing directly on it, but it can be a good tool for students to have to reflect on. In order for this to work, the teacher must fully model each step.
This website describes multiple types of modeling and when each should be used in the classroom. They also include what makes each strategy unique and why they are important.
Some Questions to Think About?
2. Why is modeling more beneficial than just handing them an instruction sheet?
3. When you were in school, what are some examples of modeling your teacher did? Do you think this improved your experience at school or not? Explain.