Valentine's Day

C. Sharp

Be My Valentine....

Each year on February 14th, many people exchange cards, candy, gifts or flowers with their special “valentine.” The day of romance we call Valentine’s Day is named for a Christian martyr and dates back to the 5th century, but has origins in the Roman holiday Lupercalia.

Did you know...

  • Although no one knows for sure the exact origin of Valentine’s Day it is believe that it started in the Roman Empire around 270AD under the ruling of Claudius II

  • During time of war Claudius did not want men to get married because he believed it made them weak.

  • It is said that Bishop Valentine would perform secret wedding ceremonies so men could marry their sweethearts.

  • Bishop Valentine got in big trouble for performing marriage ceremonies and was sent to jail.

  • While in jail Bishop Valentine wrote a love letter to the jailer’s daughter and signed from you Valentine.

  • Bishop Valentine was put to death for his crime on February 14th.

  • Why is the color red the symbol of Valentine’s Day? Red is the color of blood. It was once believed that the heart (the body’s organ that pumps the blood) is that part of the body that the feeling of love came from.

  • King Henry VII of England declared St. Valentine’s Day a holiday in 1537.

  • During Medieval Times girls would eat unusual foods on Valentine’s Day. It was believed that it made them have dreams about their future husband.

  • During the Middle Ages men and women would pick names out af a bowl and the person’s name they drew would be considered their Valentine. They would wear that person’s name on their sleeve for a week. This is where the saying wear your heart on your sleeve comes from.

  • The oldest known Valentine’s Day card is on display at the British Museum in London. It’s dates back to the 1400’s.

  • The first box of chocolates for made for Valentine’s Day was made by Richard Cadbury in the 1800’s. This helped start the tradition of giving chocolate for Valentine’s Day.

  • Chocolate comes from the theobroma cacao tree. Theobroma comes from the Greek word meaning “food of the gods.

  • Valentine’s Day is celebrated in America, Italy, United Kingdom, Mexico, Canada, France, Australia and Denmark.

  • In Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet it is said that they lived in Verona Italy. Every year thousands of Valentine’s Day cards at sent to Verona addressed to Juliet.

  • It is believed that the tradition of giving red roses for Valentine’s Day has to with the Greek Mythology Goddess Aphrodite. Aphrodite is the goddess of love, beauty and pleasure. In Roman Mythology Venus is the goddess of love.

  • Who is Cupid and what does he have to do with Valentine’s Day? Cupid is the Roman god of desire, erotic love and affection. In Latin (ancient language) Cupid means Amor. Amor in English means love.

  • Lace is a fabric that is associated with Valentine’s Day. Lace comes from the Latin word laques meaning to snare or net as in to catch a person’s heart.

  • Teachers receive the most Valentine’s Day cards followed

  • by children, mothers, wives, sweethearts and pets.

  • Millions of heart-shaped boxes of chocolate are bought every year for Valentine’s Day.

  • Over 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent worldwide every year.

  • 60% of America’s red roses are grown in the state of California

  • Did you know that Groundhog’s Day was originally held on February 14th?

The Story of St. Valentine

The Roman Emperor Claudius II was fighting many wars. He wanted a strong army, but many men did not want to be soldiers. Claudius thought the men wanted to stay home to be with their wives and children instead of leaving to fight wars. Claudius thought of an awful solution to his problem. He decided to cancel all marriages! No one in all of Rome could get married. Claudius thought that if the men couldn’t get married, the men would ignore the women and want to be soldiers. Valentine, who was a priest, believed that people needed to get married. He thought that if they were not married, they would be tempted to sin by living together without being married. So he secretly and illegally married couples anyway! He performed the weddings in secret places, so the Roman soldiers would not find out. But they did find out. Valentine was arrested and brought before the Emperor. The Emperor thought Valentine was a well spoken and wise young man, and encouraged him to stop being a Christian and become a loyal Roman. Valentine would not deny his beliefs, and he refused. He was sent to prison until he could be executed. While he was in prison, he sent out letters to his friends and asked to be prayed for by writing Remember your Valentine. Valentine was killed on the 14th or the 24th of February in the year 269 or 270. We celebrate Valentine’s Day on February 14th in honor of St. Valentine.