Vocabulary Project

By: Halie Brown

Spoils System

Also known as patronage was when supporters of the winning party in an election would be rewarded with things a more superior job for their help on cheating and finding a way to modify the votes. Many people disagreed with this system. They felt like this was the government's way of avoiding addressing the real issues and it was a disadvantage for the people that already worked for the government.

Pendleton Act

The Pendleton act was a law that was made by congress as a result of Garfield's assassination. This law allowed the president to decide which federal job positions would be assigned according to the rules that were given by a bipartisan Service Commission. Garfield's assassination was the final factor that caused the Pendleton Act to be created to end this system.
A representation of what was happening at that time-
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Party of Morality

Party of Morality is what the Republicans were seen as. This means that they were for separating rights from wrongs.

Interstate Commerce Commission

Designed to regulate interstate commerce and was the first law of its kind. It happened as a result of the Public pressure forcing congress to make a response to Wabash ruling.The public was furious with the unfair rules of government, forcing Congress to make a decision on this situation. Finally, in 1887 Cleveland fulfilled the people's desires by signing the Interstate Commerce Commission. This caused the rates for railroads to dramatically decrease to a reasonable price, disabled the advantage of rebates to large companies, and the act of charging more for smaller hauls was made illegal. This act fixed issues for railroad companies but created a new issue for consumers, causing the price of goods to rapidly increase.
The Interstate Commerce Commission Emblem.
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Sherman Antitrust Act

A law the courts were in charge of enforcing, which stated that it would then be illegal to do anything harmful of unlawful to other states.

Populism

Populism was the political philosophy of the people's party. These philosophies were more appealing to the common person rather than the traditional party. The public was furious with the unfair rules of government, forcing Congress to make a decision on this situation. Finally, in 1887 Cleveland fulfilled the people's desires by signing the Interstate Commerce Commission. This caused the rates for railroads to dramatically decrease to a reasonable price, disabled the advantage of rebates to large companies, and the act of charging more for smaller was made illegal. This act fixed issues for railroad companies but created a new issue for consumers, causing the price of goods to rapidly increase.

The Grange

Smaller groups that came together as an organization that wants families to come together to advance the economic and political well-being of the community and agriculture.

16th Amendment

An important amendment that allows the United States to collect income tax from all Americans.
Original copy of the 16th Amendment.
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William Jennings Bryan

He was an American public speaker and politician from Nebraska. He was also a dominant force in the populist part of the Democratic Party.

Jim Crow Laws

Local and state laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern part of the United States.
This is a good example of how things were ran, due to the Jim Crow Laws.
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Ida B. Wells

Ida B. Wells was an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement.
Quote by Ida B. Wells-
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17th Amendment

The 17th amendment established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states. It overpowered the rule in which state legislators elected senators.
Original copy of the 17th Amendment.
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18th Amendment

The 18th amendment was created to forbid alcoholic beverages in the United States by announcing the production, transport or selling of it illegal.
Original copy of the 18th Amendment.
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19th Amendment

The 19th amendment declared in 1920, gave women the right to vote.
Original copy of the 19th Amendment.
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Triangle Shirtwaist Factory

The Triangle Shirtwaist Factory was a factory that employed young immigrant women and had them work long days in bad conditions. It caught on fire on March 25, 1911, and was the deadliest industrial disaster in the history of New York city.

Work Cited

"Ida B Wells". Pinterest. N. p., 2016. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.


"206Soph - Jim Crow Laws".206soph.wikispaces.com. N. p., 2016. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.


profile, View. "Pendleton Act".Thespoilssystem.blogspot.com. N. p., 2013. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.


"Sixteenth Amendment To The United States Constitution". Wikipedia. N. p., 2016. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.


"Our Documents - 16Th Amendment To The U.S. Constitution: Federal Income Tax (1913)". Ourdocuments.gov. N. p., 2016. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.


Amendments, 18th. "18Th And 21St Amendments". Usconstitutionday.us. N. p., 2016. Web. 16 Sept. 2016.