Events leading up to The Civil War

By: Jaimie Yoo

The Compromise of 1850

The Compromise of 1850 would try to settle the slavery issue by making the North and South happy. This Compromise allowed the slaves to work for the South, but did not allow the slave trade to continue in Washington D.C. The state of California entered the Union as a free state by the U.S Congress. The Compromise made an even stricter law called The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850.

The Fugitive Slave Law of 1850

The Fugitive Slave Act was a law that was passed in the 1850s to stop runaway slaves and the Underground Railroad, a group that helped runaway slaves.The Fugitive Slave Act was part of the group of laws referred to as the "Compromise of 1850. This act allowed slave owners the right to have their runaway slaves returned to them regardless of which state they were now located in.

The Dred Scott Decision of 1857

Dred Scott was the name of an African-American slave who tried to win his freedom in the courts.The court ruled that African Americans did not have the right as citizens.Cheif Justice Roger Taney wrote that African Americans had " no rights which any white man was required to respect." Because of this ruling, the U.S. Congress could not outlaw slavery in territories.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854

Events in the 1850s pushed the nation closer to civil war. One of these events was the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. This act gave the people of Kansas and Nebraska the right to decide if their states would allow slavery. Many Southerners favored the Kansas-Nebraska act, but most Northerners did not. In the U.S Senate, Sam Houston voted against the act. He feared it woud divide the nation even further.

John Brown's Raid of 1859

John Brown was born in Connecticut in 1800 and became interested in the abolitionist movement around 1835. He was a man who would not be deterred from his mission of abolishing slavery. He led 21 men on a raid of the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia. John Brown and several followers seized the United States Armory and Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Brown and several of his sons moved to Kansas, a territory deeply divided over the slavery issue.


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