Nitrogen

History

Nitrogen was discovered by a Scottish Physician that went by the name of Daniel Rutherford in 1772. Its makes up about 78% of the earths atmosphere, which contains a estimated 4,000 trillion tons of gas.

3 Properties

Boiling Point: -195.8 Degrees C

Melting Point: -210 Degrees C

Vanderwaals Radius: 0.092

Uses

Nitrogen is used to make nitric acids, fertilizers, and explosives

3 compounds with nitrogen

Nitrogen Triflouride: NF3

Nitrogen Trichloride: NCl3

Nitrous Oxide: N2O

Atomic Number/Mass

Atomic number: 7

Atomic mass: 14.0067

No. each particle

Protons: 7

Neutrons: 7

Electrons: 7

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# of valence electrons

5
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Group

Reaction Type

Synthesis,6Li(s)+N2(g) --> 2Li3N(s)



Video clip: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pJeLj3XkD-I

Mole Ratio

6:1:2

Bonding

Compounds:

Sodium Nitrate: NaNO3

One ionic bond between sodium and oxygen

Two polar covalent bonds between nitrogen and each oxygen.


Percent Comp of each element: 1.16%

Creativity

Acrostic poem:

N- Nitrogen

I- Is

T- The

R- Realest

O- Original

G- Gangster

E- Ever

N-


Items that have nitrogen in them- Fertilizers, toothpaste, and detergents

Sources cited

"Reactions of Main Group Elements With Nitrogen." UC Davis Chemwiki. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://chemwiki.ucdavis.edu/Core/Inorganic_Chemistry/Descriptive_Chemistry/Main_Group_Reactions/Reactions_of_Main_Group_Elements_with_Nitrogen>.



"What Household Items Contain Nitrogen?" Ask. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.ask.com/home-garden/household-items-contain-nitrogen-843791ffa8efbc74>.


"Chemical Elements.com - Nitrogen (N)." Chemical Elements.com - Nitrogen (N). N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2016. <http://www.chemicalelements.com/elements/n.html>